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原标题:9159com金沙网站:2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读

浏览次数:89 时间:2019-07-13

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  再也不能欢娱地买买买了……

UK - British food and drink exports saw record growth in the first half of this year, rising by 8.5 per cent on the same period last year, buoyed in part by a 35 per cent increase in exports to China.The first half of the year saw exports of all British food and drink grow to 10.2 billion pounds ($13.14 billion), up by 8.5 per cent and also representing the highest first half-year growth on record.Whisky, salmon and beer remained the UK's top three food and drink export products. Ireland, France and the United States are the top three destinations for British products in terms of overall value.

People have gone chicken crazy

  二零一八年上八个月全国民代表大会学克罗地亚语四六级考试于5月八日进行,微博指导24钟头全程关怀,为你带来第一手四六级考试资源音讯。以下为立陶宛语四级留神翻阅分析:

World Cup barbecues may be under threat as beers, fizzy drinks and meat producers warn of potential shortages caused by a lack of CO2.

  近些日子相差7月二十六日英帝国脱欧的末段时间限制还会有不到三周时间。

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Last week the fast food chain KFC was forced to temporarily close most of its UK outlets after problems with a new delivery contract led to a chicken shortage. Over 600 of their 900 UK outlets were shut following a weekend of disruption that peaked on Sunday night. The chicken delivery problem was so severe that the company would not say when operations would be back to normal. But it said it was working "flat out" to resolve the crisis.

9159com金沙网站:2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析,末日囤货。  Section C

是因为二氧化碳供应不足,红酒、碳酸果汁和肉类成立商警告说那个商品都也许面对干枯,FIFA World CupBBQ野餐大概源办公室不起来了。

  业爱妻士表示,就算11月十四日出现无协议脱欧,U.K.的厕纸大概会在数钟头内被抢购一空。

上年上三个月大不列颠及英格兰联合王国食物与果汁出口得到了创纪录的拉长,比二〇一八年同不时间水平增加了8.5%,在明确程度上得益于对中国的食物出口,出口量拉长35%。二〇一六年上3个月的United Kingdom食品与饮品出口总额增一之日102亿美元,增加了8.5%,同一时候也是创纪录的前三个月最高增进。白兰地(BRANDY)、罗锅鱼和烧酒还是是英帝国食物与饮品出口的三大入眼商品。在全体价值方面,爱尔兰、法兰西和美利坚联邦合众国是United Kingdom产品出口的三大首要指标地。

Signs on many of the closed stores said: "Sorry, we're closed. We deliver our chickens fresh into our restaurants, but we've had a few hiccups with the delivery today. We wouldn't want to be open without offering our full menu, but we'll be back at the fryers as soon as we can."

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

The British Retail Consortium has written to major retailers informing them that drinks and meat supplies could be affected as at least one UK gas supplier has had to ration orders.

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KFC tried to make light of the problem, saying "the colonel is working on it" - a reference to the chain's US founder, Colonel Sanders, whose image adorns the brand.

  Passage One

United Kingdom零售商组织给几家大型零售商发信说,由于至少一家英国气体供应商不得不限量供应,饮品和肉类食品的供应都将碰到震慑。

  Via Getty

The police urged the public to stop calling in to report that KFC had run out of chicken. Police in East London tweeted: "Please do not contact us about the KFC Crisis - it is not a police matter if your favourite eatery is not serving the menu that you desire."

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

The shortages come as many prepare to party while they follow England’s progress in the football World Cup in Russia. Sales of alcohol and soft drinks are also expected to be boosted after the World Cup by what is forecast to be a long hot summer running through until August.

  近来United Kingdom造纸工业联合会(Confederation of Paper Industries)总干事Andrew Large做出了忧患的猜想。

Amid all the chicken madness, there was a strong chance that KFC could actually benefit from the crisis. Scarcity creates demand. It reminded people about KFC, even those who haven't eaten it for years. When they get everything back to normal again, you can expect a stampede.

  46。 Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, 47。 people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline。”

众多观球的观众正希图开派对庆祝北爱尔兰队在俄罗丝FIFA World Cup的战表之时,却惨遭派对饮品和食品的缺少。据预先报告显示,二零一四年United Kingdom的夏季持久而火爆,这种天气意况将持续到三月首,那也就要FIFA World Cup后激起火酒饮料和软饮的销量。

  他告诫说,假如英帝国在11月七日无协议脱欧,卫生纸的供应或者会十分的快告急。

a tweet from the police

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of Essex。

It is understood that most drinks manufacturers hold at least two weeks stock, while retailers are likely to hold more. But retailers have expressed concerns that stocks of fizzy drinks could run short in a few days during one of their busiest times of the year.

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Which fast food (takeaway) chain restaurants do you go to, if any?

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。

传说,大多数饮料创设商有最少两周的仓库储存,零售商的仓库储存只怕越来越多。但在全年的这一售货旺季,零售商担忧碳酸饮品的库存大概几天就能卖完。

9159com金沙网站:2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析,末日囤货。  He said supplies were enough to last several weeks - if people kept calm.

▍生词好句

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

Tesco’s website already showed a number of its own-label fizzy drinks were out of stock on Tuesday and its website warned of “a supply issue”. Morrisons said some Sprite and R Whites products were out of stock due to “limited supply”.

  他说假如人们保持冷静的话,厕纸的供应量能够维持数周。

  1. working "flat out": working as fast or as hard as possible, working really hard, working really quickly

  2. a few hiccups /ˈhɪkʌp/: hiccup literally means the sound when you drink too much; we also use hiccup to mean a temporary/small problem that can be easily fixed.

  3. make light of the problem: to act like something is not serious, especially when it is serious

  4. stampede /stamˈpiːd/: when a large group of animals becomes frightened and runs in the same direction very quickly, especially horses and other large animals; if lots of people all do the same thing at the same time, we say it is a stampede.

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

在那星期一,京客隆网址就显示,其自有品牌的碳酸果汁已经售完。网址还提醒那类商品有“供应难题”。Morrison超级市场称,由于“供应受限”,Pepsi-Cola和GL450Whites等产品已售完。

  But he added: “When people start panic buying, they could empty the shelves within hours.

▍Important things we have learned today

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

One industry source said Britvic, which also produces Pepsi and R Whites in the UK, and Heineken were already being affected. Another said one small brewer, thought to be Brewdog, had also been hit.

  但她补充说:“当大家初阶恐慌性购买时,厕纸大概会在数小时内扫荡一空。”

  1. British people go crazy when they can't get KFC. They might even call the police.

  2. According to some opinions, KFC is the most powerful foreign brand in China.

  3. Junk food and fast food are not always the same thing.

  4. McD, KFC and Subway are the most popular fast food chains in the UK.

  5. The industrial revolution is the main reason why British food is so bad.

  6. British people prefer food from other countries and their favourite is Chinese food. And their favourite Chinese dishes are fried noodles, sweet and sour pork and Beijing roast duck.

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

一位行业内部人员称,英帝国软饮生产商Britvic和荷兰王国干红品牌Sanmig也惨遭震慑。United Kingdom的Sprite和奥迪Q5White正是由Britvic公司生产的。还有一些人讲一家小的生产商,据称是酿酒狗利口酒,也面前境遇震慑。

  "No system could keep up with that."

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

Brigid Simmonds, chief executive of the British Beer and Pub Association, said: “We are aware of a situation affecting the availability of CO2 across Europe, which has now started to impact beer producers in the UK.

  未有其他方法能够扛得住。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

英帝国洋酒和小吃摊组织社长布丽吉德-赛孟兹说:“咱们注意到南美洲的二氧化碳产量受到震慑,未来也初步波及到United Kingdom的白酒生产商。”

  Via express.co.uk No deal Brexit warning: UK could run out of TOILET ROLL two days after exit claims expert

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves happier?

“We will continue to monitor the situation carefully. However, given the time of year and the World Cup, this situation has arisen at an unfortunate time for the brewing industry.”

  也才那样的揣摸并不是浮言,为了酬答脱欧带来的暧昧危机意大利人真的早先行动了。

  A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。

“大家将承袭紧凑监察和控制如今的地方。然则,由于正在盛暑,又逢国际足球联合会世界杯,供应缺少出现在这种时候对酿酒行当来讲不太妙。”

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  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

Retailers told the?Guardian?that there were also fears about fresh food supplies as CO2 is used in packing fresh meat and salads, as well as in the slaughtering process for poultry and pigs.

  侦察呈现有1/5 的意大利人开始囤粮了。

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?

零售商告诉《卫报》称,他们怀念新鲜食物的供应也会惨遭震慑,因为特殊肉类和沙拉的包装、以及家养动物和生猪的屠宰也会选用二氧化碳。

  Eighteen percent of respondents in a poll it conducted had begun stockpiling food and essential household supplies in case of shortages after Brexit.

  A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive effect lasts。

“At the moment we are looking at ways to keep the supply chain moving and we have not heard that any of our members have stopped production,” said Fiona Steiger, deputy director of the British Meat Processors Association.

  在一项民调中,有18%的接受访谈者表示已经开端储粮和骨干家庭用品 ,以免United Kingdom脱欧前面世用品干涸的处境。

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people physically。

大不列颠及苏格兰联合王国肉类加工组织副社长菲奥娜-斯泰尔格说:“以后咱们正想办法保持供应链平常运作,大家还没传说哪家会员单位停产。”

  Via Reuters UK shoppers slow their spending ahead of Brexit

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a green environment?

Trade journal?Gas World?said the UK was hit particularly hard as only one major CO2 plant was operating earlier this week and imports from the continent had been affected by shut-downs in Benelux and France. It said shortages were expected to continue throughout this month.

  According to Kantar research, 80 percent of British shoppers are worried about the price of supermarket food and drink in the event of a no-deal Brexit.

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real。

行当杂志《气体世界》称,United Kingdom受危害的震慑非常大,这段时间仍在运转的大不列颠及苏格兰联合王国二氧化碳大厂独有一家,由于比荷卢经济缔盟及法兰西工厂停产,从南美洲新大陆的入口也屡遭震慑。这种影响将处处到月中。

  根据斟酌机关Kantar的科学钻探,80%的大不列颠及英格兰联合王国购物者顾虑一旦发生无协议脱欧,超级市场餐品和饮品的价格会上升。

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation。

Gasworld?says most food-grade CO2 comes from ammonia plants that manufacture fertilizer, which normally slow down production in the summer months.

  Via Xinhua Interview: British consumers drifting to cheaper products amid Brexit uncertainty

  C) Their memories were greatly strengthened。

《气体世界》称,大好多食品级的二氧化碳都出自于生产肥料的氨气厂,那么些工厂平常会在三夏减少产量。

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  D) Their communication with others improved。

It said well known soft drinks brands were “desperate to obtain product”.

  网民们纷纭晒出她们的战利品。

  50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?

该杂志建议,一些资深的软饮品品牌正“急于博取产品”。

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  A) Find financial support。

观球的观众:未有果酒还怎么看FIFA World Cup?

  ▲找到一个好东西,才超越保藏期五个月,今后管理价7个便士(约RMB6角),一个月之后本身只怕是拿不出这么多钱了。

  B) Improve urban planning。

It couldn’t come at a worse time, as British soccer fans are expected to consume an extra 14 million pints of beer over the next two weeks thanks to the 2018 World Cup.

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  C) Involve local residents in the effort。

供应不足出现在世界杯期间简直太倒霉了。依照估计,以往两周United Kingdom看球的听众较平时将多喝1400万品脱白酒。

  ▲笔者真正未有慌…… 但是大家兴许要无协议脱欧了,要考虑存一些日常生活用品了。

  D) Raise public awareness of the issue。

“Who’s going to watch the World Cup if there’s no beer?!” one fan in the UK told?Global News.

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  答案:

壹人U.K.看球的粉丝在经受《全世界音信》采访时说:“没有苦艾酒还怎么看球啊?”

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  46。 B 47。 A 48。 C 49。 D 50。 A

“Obviously with the World Cup on, nobody wants to be running out with a pub full of hopefully happy England fans,” Pub owner Mark O’Neill said.

  ▲笔者伊始为脱欧囤货了,不过自己只囤有程度的东西。(确实有程度,上边的字儿主页君看都看不懂……)

  Passage Two

酒馆CEO马克-奥Neil说:“鲜明在FIFA World Cup期间,酒吧里随地都以充满希望又兴致勃勃的苏格兰观球的观众,那时候未有朗姆酒再倒霉然而了。”

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  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

The news also comes as reports that Moscow restaurants are being drunk dry in the midst of the World Cup.

  ▲赶紧囤点绿叶菜,趁它们还没涨价。

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (开首进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & 沃尔夫f ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, 51.but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

还大概有电视发表说,世界杯时期,法兰克福饭庄的红酒也被喝光了。

  除了囤货,英国人还开端在各方面压缩开销。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and 52.White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

“We just didn’t think they would only want beer,” said one waiter at a upscale eatery in central Moscow, who asked not to be identified for fear of scaring off future customers.

  下星期三揭橥的数码显示,大不列颠及英格兰联合王国花费者11月费用开销削减,大家更是注意于购买餐品,并非非必需品。

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。 The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well。

阿姆斯特丹中间一家高级餐厅的伙计说:“大家没悟出他们只点葡萄酒喝。”因为怕吓跑顾客,他须要不要揭穿客栈音信。

  Brexit fears led shoppers to hold off spending during February, according to data from the British Retail Consortium, in the latest sign of how the acute uncertainty has hampered the UK economy in the first few months of 2019.

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, 53.but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these ship sank, 54。 they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。

The waiter said his restaurant ran out of draft lager on Monday and deliveries are taking longer than usual, at least 24 hours, because suppliers’ stocks are also running low.

  依照United Kingdom零售商组织(British Retail Consortium)的数目显示,出于对United Kingdom脱欧的焦躁United Kingdom买主在十二月份的支出压缩。

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 55。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

那位推销员说,下周一店里的生啤就卖光了,上酒也比常常慢,这种现象连连了足足一成天。因为供应商也快没货了。

  Sales increased by just 0.5 percent in February compared with a 1.6 percent rise in the same month during 2018, the industry body said, below the averages of the past year.

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

“There are really a lot of people in Moscow … and they are all drinking,” he said. “It’s hot, and it’s football.”

  该行当部门称,11月份出卖额仅升高0.5%,而二〇一八年同月增加1.6%, 4月份的数目低于过去一年的平均水平。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

她说:“布鲁塞尔人太多了,他们都要饮酒。天热,又要看FIFA World Cup。”

  Via FT UK consumers hold off on spending over Brexit worries

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  但是高冷的法国人要怎么产生贫民窟女孩/男孩呢?

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

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  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  首先把酒戒了,对于“嗜酒如命”的匈牙利人来讲, 是一笔非常大的付出。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

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  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  Barclaycard said spending in pubs and restaurants, which had been growing strongly, slowed in February.

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  Barclaycard 代表,10月份大家在酒家和饭店的开支增加减缓。

  C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  Via Reuters UK shoppers slow their spending ahead of Brexit

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  手袋、服装再买就剁手, 客单价不可能超越128。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

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  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  Spending on new clothing plummeted by 5.2 percent since this time last year.

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  和二零一八年同比,匈牙利人在衣裳上的支出则稳中有降了5.2%。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  Via Daily Mail Consumers are stockpiling basics and cutting out luxuries as they turn more cautious in preparation for Brexit

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  度假什么的,就去家门口转悠吧。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?

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  A) Their unscientific designs。

  Even the amount spent on hotels fell by 3.8 percent compared to last year as Briton's took less holidays last month compared with February 2018.

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  由于奥地利人回落了度假时光,与二零一八年6月比较,他们在酒家上的开支收缩了3.8%。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  Via Daily Mail Consumers are stockpiling basics and cutting out luxuries as they turn more cautious in preparation for Brexit

  D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  有网上朋友嘲弄说,至少脱欧有叁个益处,正是教会了英国人省吃细用。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

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  A) She was used to carry troops。

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  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  你怎么看United Kingdom脱欧呢?

  C) She was converted in to a hospital ship。

  文:Daily Mail, FT, express.co.uk,Xinhua, Reuters

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

  图:网络、Twitter

  答案:

  51。 C 52。 B 53。 A 54。 D 55。 D

  来源:新东方

  我:长沙高校 新东方李逸飞先生

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