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原标题:9159com金沙网站:切磋开掘,爱咬指甲是完美主义

浏览次数:152 时间:2019-07-06

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Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional family as a child might experience their creative process more intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link between the two.

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Do You Bite Your Nails? It Might Mean You're A Perfectionist

Words and expressions

“...he usually got the eight-digit strings right, but nine digits was hit or miss, and he had never managed to remember a ten-digit string at all. ”

done in a way that is not planned or organized.

Eg. The campaign was rather a hit-and-miss(or hit-or-miss) affair.

Eg. After the extremely hard final examinations, I felt that all those efforts I made during the final seems to be hit or miss.

“For my dissertation, I had honed a psychological research tool called “the think-aloud protocol” that was designed specifically to study such mental processes. ”

to improve your skill at doing sth.

*Can be used in methodology writing for reports.

“This increase in the amount and sophistication of practice resulted in a steady improvement in the abilities of the performers in these various fields—an improvement that was not always obvious from year to year but that is dramatic when viewed over the course of several decades.”

very fashionable and expensive/ complexity

Eg. Given the sophistication of reading in a foreign language, I would like to set aside 2 hours a day for the reading homework.

“Why should the teaching techniques used to turn aspiring musicians into concert pianists have anything to do with the training that a dancer must go through to become a prima ballerina or the study that a chess player must undertake to become a grandmaster? ...for instance, or even something like teaching doctors to perform laparoscopic surgery—that method will need to take into account what works and what doesn’t in driving changes in the body and brain. Thus, all truly effective practice techniques work in essentially the same way.”

aspiring: wanting to be successful

Eg. He is an aspiring dancer that he aspires to perform in Tokyo Dome.

aspire to do sth.= be eager to do sth.

Eg. Currently, I aspire to learn Japanese well.

for instance=for example

“But before we delve into the details of deliberate practice, it will be best if we spend a little time understanding some more basic types of practice—the sorts of practice that most people have already experienced in one way or another.”

to try to find more information about sb or sth

delve into  

Eg. research that delves deeply into this issue.

Eg. Last semester I delved into the current situation of cultural export in China.

Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional family as a child might experience their creative process more intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link between the two.

一项长期商量开掘,表演音乐家的创制力和童年经验存在关联——童年不幸者(如被虐待、被忽视、家庭不和睦)更富创建力。

Those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

爱咬指甲是完美主义者的标识?

Summary

This part of the chapter started with an experiment that shows how short-term memory can be improved through purposeful practice. And the next section, cases in other fields including the improvement of the world sports level, technical skills of music performance, as well as long-term memorization have been mentioned, in order to prove that extraordinary abilities are being improved as time goes by. (Albeit this chapter mainly focused on the potential of individuals, it also can be seen that the writer has optimistic thoughts towards the progress of all people as every generation is standing on the shoulder of the last generation.)

一项长时间研商开掘,表演美术师的创建力和童年经历存在关联——童年不幸者(如被欺侮、被忽视、家庭不和谐)更富创设力。

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234 professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health disorders are so common in the performing arts.

Even after living with diabetes for six years, you can still beat it without surgery or medication and, initially, without exercise too.

Are you mindlessly twisting your hair or biting your nails as you read this article? New research from the University of Montreal suggests that compulsive behaviors like these might say more about your personality than you think.
看那篇作品的时候,你是或不是正值无意识地绕弄头发依然咬指甲?蒙得维的亚大学的时髦钻探声明,这一个强迫行为或者更能表现你的个性。
People who are generally impatient, or who get bored or frustrated easily, are more likely to engage in repetitive body-focused behaviors such as skin-picking, nail-biting or eyelash-pulling, the researchers found.
研商人口开采,那多少个一般缺少耐心、轻松感到无聊或是悲伤的人更大概有重复性的身子强迫行为,比方抓皮肤、咬指甲或是拔睫毛。
The study, published in the March issue of the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, points to perfectionism - a trait that can be more damaging than many people realize - as an underlying cause.
那份出版在《行为医治与实验性精神病学》四月刊上的研讨将这几个行为归为完美主义的机密原因,完美主义比许多少人设想的更具风险性。
“We believe that individuals with these repetitive behaviors may be perfectionistic, meaning that they are unable to relax and to perform task at a ‘normal’ pace," Dr. Kieron O'Connor, professor of psychiatry at the university and the study's lead author, said in a press release Tuesday. "They are therefore prone to frustration, impatience, and dissatisfaction when they do not reach their goals. They also experience greater levels of boredom.”
齐耳伦•奥Connor大学生是河内大学精神病学教授,同期也是该项商讨的首先小编。他在星期三媒体公布会上代表:“大家以为有这个再度行为的人唯恐相比追求完美主义,意味着她们不能够放松或是以‘平常’的速度达成某项职务,因而,当她们未能到达指标的时候,比较便于感到心寒、不耐烦、不顺心。还应该有,他们会进一步感觉无聊。”
In the study, the researchers worked with 48 participants, half of whom regularly engaged in these types of behaviors. The other participants, who didn't engage in these behaviors, acted as a control group. The participants were asked questions about the extent to which they experienced emotions like boredom, anger, guilt, irritability and anxiety. Then, each participant was exposed to situations designed to provoke particular feelings (including relaxation, stress, frustration and boredom). In the boredom scenario, for instance, the subject was simply left alone in a room for six minutes.
在此项钻探中,切磋者选择了48名参加者,在那之中八分之四时常有上述强迫行为。另二分一平昔不这种表现的参预者作为对照组。研讨人口掌握了参预者在何种程度下会经历无聊、愤怒、愧疚、易怒、忧虑等那些心绪。然后,各样出席者都被放到已布置好的处境中,指标是鼓舞非常的情愫(包罗放松、压力、黯然和世俗),例如,在世俗的境地中,研讨对象会被单独留在二个室内待6分钟。
Participants with a history of fidgety, body-focused behaviors reported greater urges to engage in those behaviors when they were feeling stressed and frustrated. But they didn't report feeling those urges while they were relaxing.
钻探证明,有烦心不安、肉体抑郁症病史的参预者认为压力大、颓废时,会有更急迫的愿望想要做出那贰个强迫行为。可是她们放松的时候,并不曾表现出这种急于。
If you do bite your nails from time to time, there's no need to worry - you're probably not doing much harm. In fact, the researchers say that such behaviors serve a temporary purpose when we're not able to channel our energy more productively.
如若您时常会咬指甲,未有啥样可忧郁的——那或许不会有太大的加害。研商人口代表,事实上,当大伙儿不恐怕足够释放本人的能量来做成一些政工作时间,这个行为能够有的时候帮衬大家消遣。
"The positive effects of the habits are stimulation and a (maladaptive) way of regulating emotion," O'Connor said in an email to The Huffington Post. "What triggers the habit is largely frustration and impatience so the action substitutes for more constructive action."
“这一个习于旧贯的正当影响是鼓舞和(适应不良时的)心境调整形式,”奥Connor在写给路透社的邮件中协商。“出现这一个习贯非常的大程度上是由于失落和贫乏耐心,所以那几个表现取代了更具建设性的一坐一起。”

Impression

I always have inferiority feeling when I speak or write in English. Compared with my classmates that all have the experience of studying in international schools or abroad, my English is terrible. After reading this chapter I feel that although I did not have the chance to be bilingual or even trilingual in my childhood, through purposeful practice I still have the potential to learn other languages better. 

Just one thing confused me that is the size of the sample too small in that experiment as the writer only chose one participant? Because of that, the writer used a whole sentence to describe how normal the participant is... 

However, this book is hopefully gonna give me more confidence✌️

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234 professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health disorders are so common in the performing arts.

U.S.加州州立大学北岭分校的情感学家调查了234名正式表演家,搜索表演美术大师心境健康难题频发的缘故。

So concludes a study on type 2 diabetes just published in the prestigious journal, The Lancet . It shows diabetes remission can be achieved with a radical diet.

美利坚联邦合众国加州州立大学北岭分校的心境学家侦察了234名职业表演家,找出表演画家心情健康难题频发的因由。

"The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology, including bipolar disorder, troubled us," psychologist Paula Thomson, a co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

This UK study is based on the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes is caused by excess fat within the liver and pancreas and those with the disease can be returned to normal glucose control by consuming a radically low calorie diet.

"The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology, including bipolar disorder, troubled us," psychologist Paula Thomson, a co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

那项新商讨的撰稿人之一、心境学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网站说:“乐师和演艺家更便于患上躁郁症等心情病痛,那让大家以为干扰。”

Whether this is practicable and can achieve remission of type 2 diabetes in the care of the family doctor, without any bariatric surgery, was not known until now. The study involved almost 300 adults who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years. They were drawn from 49 family practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of England.

那项新切磋的小编之一、情绪学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“美术大师和演出家更便于患上躁郁症等心情病魔,那让大家备感干扰。”

9159com金沙网站:切磋开掘,爱咬指甲是完美主义者的表明。The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and 20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame, creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of engagement in an activity.

Half were put on the radical weight management program while the other half followed standard treatment determined by diabetes guidelines. They were the control group.

The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and 20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame, creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of engagement in an activity.

该商讨调查切磋了83名表演者、监制和设计员、129名舞者、20名美学家和舞剧演唱家。这一个加入者填写了有关童年不幸、羞耻感、创作经验、幻想偏侧、心焦和移动插手度的自陈报告。

After having their anti-diabetic and blood-pressure lowering drugs stopped, those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

该斟酌调查钻探了83名表演者、监制和设计员、129名舞者、20名乐师和舞剧演唱家。那几个参加者填写了有关童年不幸、羞耻感、创作经验、幻想侧向、焦躁和移动插足度的自陈报告。

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse and neglect.

It began with a diet replacement phase. This consisted of a low calorie formula diet of about 850 calories a day for three to five months.

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse and neglect.

1998年,研商人口搜求过9508位中年人的幼时不幸经历。他们看待两项钻探结果后发掘,相较于老百姓,表演美术大师在童年期经历精神虐待和大体的概率更加高。

Food was then reintroduced in a stepped program for the next two to eight weeks, with ongoing support for weight-loss maintenance.

1996年,切磋职员探寻过9508位成人的孩提不幸经历。他们看待两项钻探结果后发觉,相较于老百姓,表演歌唱家在童年期经历精神虐待和忽视的可能率更加高。

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced little to none.

The participants, aged 20-65, received cognitive behavioural therapy combined with strategies to increase physical activity. They were aiming to shed 15kg or more, sufficient to achieve remission of diabetes.

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced little to none.

那回,研商职员依照童年不幸程度,将调查对象分为三组:高品位(极其不幸)、中低程度(相比较不好)、零程度(大约未有经历过不幸)。

After a year, they had lost an average of 10kg and nearly half had reverted to a non-diabetic state without using any diabetes treatment.

这回,商讨人口凭借童年不幸程度,将检察对象分为三组:高水准(极度不幸)、中低程度(比较不好)、零程度(大致未有经历过不幸)。

It's the high-level group that demonstrated the greater extremes. These performing artists had much higher anxiety, much more internalised shame, and reported more cumulative past traumatic events. They were also more prone to fantasies.

They did far better than participants in the control group who lost an average of 1kg and only 4 per cent of whom achieved a remission.

It's the high-level group that demonstrated the greater extremes. These performing artists had much higher anxiety, much more internalised shame, and reported more cumulative past traumatic events. They were also more prone to fantasies.

切磋开掘,高品位组情状最极致。这几个演出美学家分明更忧虑、更具主观羞耻感、经历过更加的多创伤事件、更便于陷于幻想。

Remission was closely linked with the degree of weight loss.

钻探发掘,高水准组情形最极端。那些演出音乐家鲜明更令人忧虑、更具主观羞耻感、经历过更加多创伤事件、更易于陷于幻想。

But they also seemed more connected with the creative process, the researchers said. They were more aware of it, and reported feeling more absorbed in it. They reported heightened awareness of a state of inspiration and a sense of discovery during the process.

The radical group also improved blood lipid concentrations and almost half remained off all blood pressure drugs with no rise in blood pressure.

But they also seemed more connected with the creative process, the researchers said. They were more aware of it, and reported feeling more absorbed in it. They reported heightened awareness of a state of inspiration and a sense of discovery during the process.

但研究人口建议,同不平时候,他们就像是也更有着创作力。他们更具创设意识,更便于沉浸个中。他们更常迸发灵感,在撰写进度中也更常开采新东西。

They also reported substantially improved quality of life at 12 months while the control group reported a slight decrease.

但商量人口提议,同时,他们就如也更兼具创作力。他们更具创设意识,更便于沉浸当中。他们更常迸发灵感,在撰写进度中也更常开采新东西。

They were also able to move more easily between the state of absorption and a more distant state for critical awareness, and were more receptive to art.

Study co-author Professor Roy Taylor from Newcastle University said rather than addressing the root cause, standard treatment for type 2 diabetes mainly focuses on reducing blood sugar levels through drug treatments.

They were also able to move more easily between the state of absorption and a more distant state for critical awareness, and were more receptive to art.

其余,他们能力所能达到更自在地在“沉浸在那之中”和“跳脱出来实行批判”这两种情景之间开始展览切换,对章程的承受本事也越来越强。

‘‘Bariatric surgery can achieve remission of diabetes in about three-quarters of people, but it is more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients.’’

另外,他们能够更轻便地在“沉浸在那之中”和“跳脱出来进行批判”那三种情状之间张开切换,对艺术的接受本领也越来越强。

"Lastly," the researchers wrote, "[this] group identified greater appreciation for the transformational quality of creativity, in particular, how the creative process enabled a deeper engagement with the self and world. They recognised that it operated as a powerful force in their life."

The researchers say the challenge now is long-term avoidance of weight re-gain. They will follow the participants for the next four years.Even after living with diabetes for six years, you can still beat it without surgery or medication and, initially, without exercise too.

"Lastly," the researchers wrote, "[this] group identified greater appreciation for the transformational quality of creativity, in particular, how the creative process enabled a deeper engagement with the self and world. They recognised that it operated as a powerful force in their life."

商量人士写道,“最终,那壹个人流更正视成立力的转移特性——创作进度使他们和自个儿、和世界关系更紧凑。他们以为,创作是他们生活中的一股强大本领。”

So concludes a study on type 2 diabetes just published in the prestigious journal, The Lancet . It shows diabetes remission can be achieved with a radical diet.

研究人口写道,“最终,那一位群更注重创制力的改变特性——创作进程使她们和自己、和世界交换更连贯。他们感到,创作是他们生活中的一股强劲力量。”

Obviously the study has caveats, as self-reported studies can be prone to personal bias. Also, since it was limited to performing artists, comparisons couldn't easily be made with other subsets of the population.

This UK study is based on the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes is caused by excess fat within the liver and pancreas and those with the disease can be returned to normal glucose control by consuming a radically low calorie diet.

Obviously the study has caveats, as self-reported studies can be prone to personal bias. Also, since it was limited to performing artists, comparisons couldn't easily be made with other subsets of the population.

猛烈,那项研商存在一些毛病。首先,自己报告法轻便发生主观过错。其次,调校对象只限于表演美术师,结论未必适用于任哪个人群。

Whether this is practicable and can achieve remission of type 2 diabetes in the care of the family doctor, without any bariatric surgery, was not known until now. The study involved almost 300 adults who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years. They were drawn from 49 family practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of England.

由此可见,那项斟酌存在部分缺点。首先,自己报告法轻松产生主观过错。其次,调核查象只限于表演美学家,结论未必适用于其余人群。

Nevertheless, the finding, the researchers said, may indicate that adult performers who have experienced childhood adversity are better able to recognise and value the creative process; and the ability of that group to enjoy the creative process could indicate resilience.

Half were put on the radical weight management program while the other half followed standard treatment determined by diabetes guidelines. They were the control group.

Nevertheless, the finding, the researchers said, may indicate that adult performers who have experienced childhood adversity are better able to recognise and value the creative process; and the ability of that group to enjoy the creative process could indicate resilience.

商量人口提出,结果展现,童年不幸的上演美术师更承认和重视创作历程,他们能享受创作进度恐怕也是他们适应生活的手段。

After having their anti-diabetic and blood-pressure lowering drugs stopped, those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

钻探人口提议,结果显示,童年不幸的表演美术大师更认可和尊重创作进度,他们能享用创作过程恐怕也是她们适应生活的手法。

"We are saddened by the number of participants in our study who have suffered multiple forms of childhood adversity as well as adult assaults (both sexual and non-sexual)," Thomson told Psypost.

It began with a diet replacement phase. This consisted of a low calorie formula diet of about 850 calories a day for three to five months.

"We are saddened by the number of participants in our study who have suffered multiple forms of childhood adversity as well as adult assaults (both sexual and non-sexual)," Thomson told Psypost.

汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“参预我们钻探的过多少人小时候时期都经历过多种不和谐来自成人的性侵或任何攻击,那让我们很忧伤。”

Food was then reintroduced in a stepped program for the next two to eight weeks, with ongoing support for weight-loss maintenance.

汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“出席大家研究的好六人小时候时期都经历过二种不佳和来源成人的性打扰或其余攻击,那让大家很愁肠。”

"So many participants in our sample have experienced poly-traumatization and yet they also embrace their passion for performance and creativity. They are embracing ways to express all that is human."

The participants, aged 20-65, received cognitive behavioural therapy combined with strategies to increase physical activity. They were aiming to shed 15kg or more, sufficient to achieve remission of diabetes.

"So many participants in our sample have experienced poly-traumatization and yet they also embrace their passion for performance and creativity. They are embracing ways to express all that is human."

“我们采集样品的指标中有那般多少人经历过多种精神创伤,但她们却仍旧有着表演和写作的Haoqing。他们努力用种种方法发挥出人性的整套。”

After a year, they had lost an average of 10kg and nearly half had reverted to a non-diabetic state without using any diabetes treatment.

“大家采集样品的靶子中有如此五个人经历过多种精神创伤,但她们却依旧拥有表演和行文的Haoqing。他们奋力用各个办法表达出人性的满贯。”

The research has been published in the journal?Frontiers in Psychology.

They did far better than participants in the control group who lost an average of 1kg and only 4 per cent of whom achieved a remission.

The research has been published in the journal?Frontiers in Psychology.

该探讨告诉摘登在《心情学前沿》期刊上。

Remission was closely linked with the degree of weight loss.

该切磋告诉摘登在《心情学前沿》期刊上。

The radical group also improved blood lipid concentrations and almost half remained off all blood pressure drugs with no rise in blood pressure.

They also reported substantially improved quality of life at 12 months while the control group reported a slight decrease.

Study co-author Professor Roy Taylor from Newcastle University said rather than addressing the root cause, standard treatment for type 2 diabetes mainly focuses on reducing blood sugar levels through drug treatments.

‘‘Bariatric surgery can achieve remission of diabetes in about three-quarters of people, but it is more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients.’’

The researchers say the challenge now is long-term avoidance of weight re-gain. They will follow the participants for the next four years.

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