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原标题:9159com金沙网站:商量发掘小儿不幸者更富创制力

浏览次数:61 时间:2019-07-20

Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional family as a child might experience their creative process more intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link between the two.

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Do You Bite Your Nails? It Might Mean You're A Perfectionist

Words and expressions

“...he usually got the eight-digit strings right, but nine digits was hit or miss, and he had never managed to remember a ten-digit string at all. ”

done in a way that is not planned or organized.

Eg. The campaign was rather a hit-and-miss(or hit-or-miss) affair.

Eg. After the extremely hard final examinations, I felt that all those efforts I made during the final seems to be hit or miss.

“For my dissertation, I had honed a psychological research tool called “the think-aloud protocol” that was designed specifically to study such mental processes. ”

to improve your skill at doing sth.

*Can be used in methodology writing for reports.

“This increase in the amount and sophistication of practice resulted in a steady improvement in the abilities of the performers in these various fields—an improvement that was not always obvious from year to year but that is dramatic when viewed over the course of several decades.”

very fashionable and expensive/ complexity

Eg. Given the sophistication of reading in a foreign language, I would like to set aside 2 hours a day for the reading homework.

“Why should the teaching techniques used to turn aspiring musicians into concert pianists have anything to do with the training that a dancer must go through to become a prima ballerina or the study that a chess player must undertake to become a grandmaster? ...for instance, or even something like teaching doctors to perform laparoscopic surgery—that method will need to take into account what works and what doesn’t in driving changes in the body and brain. Thus, all truly effective practice techniques work in essentially the same way.”

aspiring: wanting to be successful

Eg. He is an aspiring dancer that he aspires to perform in Tokyo Dome.

aspire to do sth.= be eager to do sth.

Eg. Currently, I aspire to learn Japanese well.

for instance=for example

“But before we delve into the details of deliberate practice, it will be best if we spend a little time understanding some more basic types of practice—the sorts of practice that most people have already experienced in one way or another.”

to try to find more information about sb or sth

delve into  

Eg. research that delves deeply into this issue.

Eg. Last semester I delved into the current situation of cultural export in China.

一项长时间商量开采,表演画画大师的创设力和童年经验存在关联——童年不幸者(如被虐待、被忽视、家庭不和谐)更富创制力。

Performing artists who were exposed to abuse, neglect or a dysfunctional family as a child might experience their creative process more intensely, according to a new long-term study that has found a link between the two.

Those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

爱咬指甲是完美主义者的标识?

Summary

This part of the chapter started with an experiment that shows how short-term memory can be improved through purposeful practice. And the next section, cases in other fields including the improvement of the world sports level, technical skills of music performance, as well as long-term memorization have been mentioned, in order to prove that extraordinary abilities are being improved as time goes by. (Albeit this chapter mainly focused on the potential of individuals, it also can be seen that the writer has optimistic thoughts towards the progress of all people as every generation is standing on the shoulder of the last generation.)

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234 professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health disorders are so common in the performing arts.

一项长时间钻探开采,表演音乐大师的创设力和童年经验存在关联——童年不幸者(如被虐待、被忽视、家庭不和谐)更富创设力。

Even after living with diabetes for six years, you can still beat it without surgery or medication and, initially, without exercise too.

Are you mindlessly twisting your hair or biting your nails as you read this article? New research from the University of Montreal suggests that compulsive behaviors like these might say more about your personality than you think.
看那篇文章的时候,你是否正值无意识地绕弄头发照旧咬指甲?布拉迪斯拉发高校的新式钻探申明,那一个强迫行为容许更能表现你的脾性。
People who are generally impatient, or who get bored or frustrated easily, are more likely to engage in repetitive body-focused behaviors such as skin-picking, nail-biting or eyelash-pulling, the researchers found.
商量人士开采,那么些一般缺乏耐心、轻便认为无聊或是丧气的人更或许有重复性的肉体强迫行为,比如抓皮肤、咬指甲或是拔睫毛。
The study, published in the March issue of the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, points to perfectionism - a trait that can be more damaging than many people realize - as an underlying cause.
那份出版在《行为医疗与实验性精神病学》三月刊上的研究将这个表现归为完美主义的秘闻原因,完美主义比许几人想象的更具风险性。
“We believe that individuals with these repetitive behaviors may be perfectionistic, meaning that they are unable to relax and to perform task at a ‘normal’ pace," Dr. Kieron O'Connor, professor of psychiatry at the university and the study's lead author, said in a press release Tuesday. "They are therefore prone to frustration, impatience, and dissatisfaction when they do not reach their goals. They also experience greater levels of boredom.”
齐耳伦•奥Connor大学生是阿布扎比高校精神病学教授,同一时候也是该项商讨的第一作者。他在周四媒体公布会上象征:“大家认为有这几个再度行为的人恐怕相比较追求完美主义,意味着她们无法放松或是以‘平常’的速度完结某项职分,由此,当她们未能到达指标的时候,相比轻巧以为心寒、不耐烦、不让人满足。还应该有,他们会特别认为无聊。”
In the study, the researchers worked with 48 participants, half of whom regularly engaged in these types of behaviors. The other participants, who didn't engage in these behaviors, acted as a control group. The participants were asked questions about the extent to which they experienced emotions like boredom, anger, guilt, irritability and anxiety. Then, each participant was exposed to situations designed to provoke particular feelings (including relaxation, stress, frustration and boredom). In the boredom scenario, for instance, the subject was simply left alone in a room for six minutes.
在此项钻探中,商量者选用了48名出席者,个中四分之二平日有上述强迫行为。另二分之一不曾这种行为的到场者作为对照组。商讨人口掌握了参加者在何种程度下会经历无聊、愤怒、愧疚、易怒、焦心等那几个心思。然后,每种加入者都被放置已布置好的场馆中,指标是激情极度的情愫(满含放松、压力、失落和世俗),比方,在无聊的田地中,切磋对象会被单独留在贰个室内待6分钟。
Participants with a history of fidgety, body-focused behaviors reported greater urges to engage in those behaviors when they were feeling stressed and frustrated. But they didn't report feeling those urges while they were relaxing.
斟酌申明,有抑郁不安、身体性冷淡病史的参预者认为压力大、黯然时,会有更急于的意理念要做出那个强迫行为。然则他们放松的时候,并从未展现出这种急于。
If you do bite your nails from time to time, there's no need to worry - you're probably not doing much harm. In fact, the researchers say that such behaviors serve a temporary purpose when we're not able to channel our energy more productively.
若是你平日会咬指甲,未有怎么可忧郁的——那大概不会有太大的加害。探讨人口代表,事实上,当人们不可能丰硕释放自个儿的能量来做成一些作业时,那个作为能够临时帮忙大家消遣。
"The positive effects of the habits are stimulation and a (maladaptive) way of regulating emotion," O'Connor said in an email to The Huffington Post. "What triggers the habit is largely frustration and impatience so the action substitutes for more constructive action."
“那一个习贯的纯正影响是鼓舞和(适应不良时的)心理调整措施,”奥Connor在写给中新社的邮件中说道。“出现这几个习于旧贯非常的大程度上是由于悲伤和缺乏耐心,所以那一个作为替代了更具建设性的作为。”

Impression

I always have inferiority feeling when I speak or write in English. Compared with my classmates that all have the experience of studying in international schools or abroad, my English is terrible. After reading this chapter I feel that although I did not have the chance to be bilingual or even trilingual in my childhood, through purposeful practice I still have the potential to learn other languages better. 

Just one thing confused me that is the size of the sample too small in that experiment as the writer only chose one participant? Because of that, the writer used a whole sentence to describe how normal the participant is... 

However, this book is hopefully gonna give me more confidence✌️

美国加州州立大学北岭分校的心绪学家调查了234名正式表演家,搜索表演音乐大师激情健康难题频发的原由。

Psychologists at California State University, Northridge, studied 234 professional performers, looking for a reason why mental health disorders are so common in the performing arts.

So concludes a study on type 2 diabetes just published in the prestigious journal, The Lancet . It shows diabetes remission can be achieved with a radical diet.

"The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology, including bipolar disorder, troubled us," psychologist Paula Thomson, a co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

美国加州州立高校北岭分校的心境学家调查了234名专门的工作表演家,搜索表演音乐家心境健康难点频发的来头。

This UK study is based on the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes is caused by excess fat within the liver and pancreas and those with the disease can be returned to normal glucose control by consuming a radically low calorie diet.

那项新钻探的笔者之一、心情学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“歌唱家和演艺家更易于患上躁郁症等心境病痛,那让大家以为干扰。”

"The notion that artists and performing artists suffered more pathology, including bipolar disorder, troubled us," psychologist Paula Thomson, a co-author on the new study, told Psypost.

Whether this is practicable and can achieve remission of type 2 diabetes in the care of the family doctor, without any bariatric surgery, was not known until now. The study involved almost 300 adults who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years. They were drawn from 49 family practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of England.

The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and 20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame, creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of engagement in an activity.

那项新钻探的撰稿人之一、心绪学家宝拉·汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“歌唱家和表演家更便于患上躁郁症等心绪病痛,那让我们备感搅扰。”

Half were put on the radical weight management program while the other half followed standard treatment determined by diabetes guidelines. They were the control group.

该研究考察了83名歌手、发行人和设计员、129名舞者、20名音乐家和舞剧演唱家。这么些加入者填写了关王姝年不幸、羞耻感、创作心得、幻想偏向、焦炙和平运动动到场度的自陈报告。

The study examined 83 actors, directors, and designers; 129 dancers; and 20 musicians and opera singers. These study participants filled out self-report surveys pertaining to childhood adversity, sense of shame, creative experiences, proneness to fantasies, anxiety, and level of engagement in an activity.

After having their anti-diabetic and blood-pressure lowering drugs stopped, those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse and neglect.

该钻探科学商讨了83名歌星、制片人和设计员、129名舞者、20名歌手和歌剧演唱家。这几个出席者填写了有关童年不幸、羞耻感、创作经验、幻想偏侧、忧虑和活动加入度的自陈报告。

It began with a diet replacement phase. This consisted of a low calorie formula diet of about 850 calories a day for three to five months.

1996年,商量职员探求过9508位成人的小儿不幸经历。他们对待两项研商结果后意识,相较于老百姓,表演书法家在童年期经历精神虐待和忽略的可能率更加高。

The study found that, compared to the original Adverse Childhood Experiences study conducted back in 1998 on 9,508 adults, performing artists as a group reported a higher level of childhood emotional abuse and neglect.

Food was then reintroduced in a stepped program for the next two to eight weeks, with ongoing support for weight-loss maintenance.

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced little to none.

1996年,商讨人口搜求过9508位中年人的童年不幸经历。他们对照两项钻探结果后意识,相较于一般人,表演美学家在童年期经历精神虐待和大意的概率更加高。

The participants, aged 20-65, received cognitive behavioural therapy combined with strategies to increase physical activity. They were aiming to shed 15kg or more, sufficient to achieve remission of diabetes.

那回,商量职员依照童年不幸程度,将检察对象分为三组:高品位(特别不幸)、中低程度(比较倒霉)、零程度(大致从不经验过不幸)。

The participants were able to be categorised into three groups: those who reported a high level of childhood adversity; those who had experienced a lower or medium level; and those who had experienced little to none.

After a year, they had lost an average of 10kg and nearly half had reverted to a non-diabetic state without using any diabetes treatment.

It's the high-level group that demonstrated the greater extremes. These performing artists had much higher anxiety, much more internalised shame, and reported more cumulative past traumatic events. They were also more prone to fantasies.

那回,研商职员依照童年不幸程度,将调查商讨对象分为三组:高品位(特别不幸)、中低程度(相比不好)、零程度(大概从不经验过不幸)。

They did far better than participants in the control group who lost an average of 1kg and only 4 per cent of whom achieved a remission.

钻探发掘,高水准组情状最极致。这么些表演书法家显然更担心、更具主观羞耻感、经历过愈来愈多创伤事件、更便于陷于幻想。

It's the high-level group that demonstrated the greater extremes. These performing artists had much higher anxiety, much more internalised shame, and reported more cumulative past traumatic events. They were also more prone to fantasies.

Remission was closely linked with the degree of weight loss.

But they also seemed more connected with the creative process, the researchers said. They were more aware of it, and reported feeling more absorbed in it. They reported heightened awareness of a state of inspiration and a sense of discovery during the process.

研商发掘,高水准组情形最极致。那几个表演美术师显明更令人忧郁、更具主观羞耻感、经历过更加多创伤事件、更便于陷入幻想。

The radical group also improved blood lipid concentrations and almost half remained off all blood pressure drugs with no rise in blood pressure.

但商量人口提出,同期,他们就像也更具备创作力。他们更具创建意识,更便于沉浸个中。他们更常迸发灵感,在写作历程中也更常开采新东西。

But they also seemed more connected with the creative process, the researchers said. They were more aware of it, and reported feeling more absorbed in it. They reported heightened awareness of a state of inspiration and a sense of discovery during the process.

They also reported substantially improved quality of life at 12 months while the control group reported a slight decrease.

They were also able to move more easily between the state of absorption and a more distant state for critical awareness, and were more receptive to art.

但研商职员提出,同一时候,他们仿佛也更富有创作力。他们更具创设意识,更易于沉浸当中。他们更常迸发灵感,在小说进程中也更常开掘新东西。

Study co-author Professor Roy Taylor from Newcastle University said rather than addressing the root cause, standard treatment for type 2 diabetes mainly focuses on reducing blood sugar levels through drug treatments.

其它,他们能够更自在地在“沉浸当中”和“跳脱出来实行批判”那三种情景之间进行切换,对艺术的接受手艺也更加强。

They were also able to move more easily between the state of absorption and a more distant state for critical awareness, and were more receptive to art.

‘‘Bariatric surgery can achieve remission of diabetes in about three-quarters of people, but it is more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients.’’

"Lastly," the researchers wrote, "[this] group identified greater appreciation for the transformational quality of creativity, in particular, how the creative process enabled a deeper engagement with the self and world. They recognised that it operated as a powerful force in their life."

除此以外,他们能够更轻巧地在“沉浸个中”和“跳脱出来举行批判”那二种处境之间开始展览切换,对艺术的承受技术也越来越强。

The researchers say the challenge now is long-term avoidance of weight re-gain. They will follow the participants for the next four years.Even after living with diabetes for six years, you can still beat it without surgery or medication and, initially, without exercise too.

商量人员写道,“最终,那一位流更讲求制造力的转移个性——创作进程使他们和自个儿、和社会风气关系更严密。他们以为,创作是他俩活着中的一股强大技术。”

"Lastly," the researchers wrote, "[this] group identified greater appreciation for the transformational quality of creativity, in particular, how the creative process enabled a deeper engagement with the self and world. They recognised that it operated as a powerful force in their life."

9159com金沙网站:商量发掘小儿不幸者更富创制力,童年不幸者更富创建力。So concludes a study on type 2 diabetes just published in the prestigious journal, The Lancet . It shows diabetes remission can be achieved with a radical diet.

Obviously the study has caveats, as self-reported studies can be prone to personal bias. Also, since it was limited to performing artists, comparisons couldn't easily be made with other subsets of the population.

钻探职员写道,“最终,那壹位群更重申成立力的转换特性——创作进度使他们和自身、和世界关系更严密。他们认为,创作是他俩生活中的一股庞大手艺。”

This UK study is based on the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes is caused by excess fat within the liver and pancreas and those with the disease can be returned to normal glucose control by consuming a radically low calorie diet.

综上说述,那项切磋存在部分破绽。首先,自己报告法轻松发生主观过错。其次,调查对象只限于表演歌唱家,结论未必适用于任哪个人群。

Obviously the study has caveats, as self-reported studies can be prone to personal bias. Also, since it was limited to performing artists, comparisons couldn't easily be made with other subsets of the population.

Whether this is practicable and can achieve remission of type 2 diabetes in the care of the family doctor, without any bariatric surgery, was not known until now. The study involved almost 300 adults who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years. They were drawn from 49 family practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of England.

Nevertheless, the finding, the researchers said, may indicate that adult performers who have experienced childhood adversity are better able to recognise and value the creative process; and the ability of that group to enjoy the creative process could indicate resilience.

9159com金沙网站,明明,那项钻探存在有的欠缺。首先,自己报告法轻易生出主观过错。其次,调查对象仅限于表演美学家,结论未必适用于其余人群。

Half were put on the radical weight management program while the other half followed standard treatment determined by diabetes guidelines. They were the control group.

斟酌职员建议,结果显示,童年不幸的表演美术大师更承认和尊重创作进程,他们能享用创作历程只怕也是他俩适应生活的手段。

Nevertheless, the finding, the researchers said, may indicate that adult performers who have experienced childhood adversity are better able to recognise and value the creative process; and the ability of that group to enjoy the creative process could indicate resilience.

After having their anti-diabetic and blood-pressure lowering drugs stopped, those on the radical program were subjected to an intense diet.

"We are saddened by the number of participants in our study who have suffered multiple forms of childhood adversity as well as adult assaults (both sexual and non-sexual)," Thomson told Psypost.

讨论人士提出,结果展现,童年不幸的表演音乐家更认可和珍贵创作进程,他们能享受创作进度大概也是她们适应生活的手段。

It began with a diet replacement phase. This consisted of a low calorie formula diet of about 850 calories a day for three to five months.

Thomson告诉Psypost网址说:“参预大家研究的广大人小时候时期都经历过两种不幸和根源中年人的性纷扰或任何攻击,那让我们很优伤。”

"We are saddened by the number of participants in our study who have suffered multiple forms of childhood adversity as well as adult assaults (both sexual and non-sexual)," Thomson told Psypost.

Food was then reintroduced in a stepped program for the next two to eight weeks, with ongoing support for weight-loss maintenance.

"So many participants in our sample have experienced poly-traumatization and yet they also embrace their passion for performance and creativity. They are embracing ways to express all that is human."

汤姆森告诉Psypost网址说:“加入大家斟酌的非常多少人时辰候时期都经历过三种糟糕和来源成人的性侵扰或其余攻击,那让我们很难受。”

The participants, aged 20-65, received cognitive behavioural therapy combined with strategies to increase physical activity. They were aiming to shed 15kg or more, sufficient to achieve remission of diabetes.

“大家采集样品的对象中有与上述同类两个人经历过多种精神创伤,但他们却还是有着表演和写作的激情。他们努力用各个方法表明出人性的成套。”

9159com金沙网站:商量发掘小儿不幸者更富创制力,童年不幸者更富创建力。"So many participants in our sample have experienced poly-traumatization and yet they also embrace their passion for performance and creativity. They are embracing ways to express all that is human."

After a year, they had lost an average of 10kg and nearly half had reverted to a non-diabetic state without using any diabetes treatment.

The research has been published in the journal?Frontiers in Psychology.

“我们采样的靶子中有这么多少人经历过多种精神创伤,但他们却仍旧具有表演和行文的激情。他们全力用种种办法表达出人性的凡事。”

They did far better than participants in the control group who lost an average of 1kg and only 4 per cent of whom achieved a remission.

该商量告诉摘登在《心境学前沿》期刊上。

The research has been published in the journal?Frontiers in Psychology.

Remission was closely linked with the degree of weight loss.

该研讨告诉摘登在《心情学前沿》期刊上。

The radical group also improved blood lipid concentrations and almost half remained off all blood pressure drugs with no rise in blood pressure.

They also reported substantially improved quality of life at 12 months while the control group reported a slight decrease.

Study co-author Professor Roy Taylor from Newcastle University said rather than addressing the root cause, standard treatment for type 2 diabetes mainly focuses on reducing blood sugar levels through drug treatments.

‘‘Bariatric surgery can achieve remission of diabetes in about three-quarters of people, but it is more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients.’’

The researchers say the challenge now is long-term avoidance of weight re-gain. They will follow the participants for the next four years.

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