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  二零一八年上半年全国高端高校俄语肆6级考试于七月三十一日进展,天涯论坛教育二四时辰全程关心,为你带来第一手四6级考试资源音信。以下为乌Crane语陆级选词填空源文:

  二零一八年上四个月全国大学爱尔兰语四陆级考试于七月二日拓展,天涯论坛指引二四小时全程关心,为你带来第二手46级考试资源新闻。以下为葡萄牙语陆级阅读真题:

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She never tried to follow up her first successful book. Though opinions vary(many people dispute with it), the book rose above censure to become an American icon(Encyclopedia, n.pg). She is Nelle Harper Lee, the person who thinks about humanity under American slavery and wrote the book, To Kill a Mockingbird.

姓名:阿莫瑞(留学生)    学号:14020116084

  Five Fascinating Details About the Media Mogul Who May Have Written “Mary Had a Little Lamb”

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

2 — The ranking of Thanksgiving on the list of America’s favorite holidays. Christmas is No. 1.

This book completed in 1959 and published in 1960. Then it won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1961. It was also made into an Oscar-winning film in 1962. Otherwise, she published another book "Go Set a Watchman" which was written before "To Kill a Mockingbird" and portrays the later lives of the character. But it did not get a such success like "To Kill a Mockingbird". (Encyclopedia, P287)

【嵌牛导读】:The topic of diversity in the technology industry has been on many people’s minds of late – especially following various reports of sexual discrimination in the Silicon Valley tech scene and the infamous Google Memo.

  Everywhere that Sarah Josepha Hale went, success was sure to go

  Section A

二——美利坚联邦合众国布衣最喜爱的节日,感恩节排行第1,第二是圣诞节。

Actually, she can write To Kill a Mockingbird is deeply related to her growing environment and personality. Lee was born at April 28, 1926 in a small town. She enjoyed reading Jane Austen, Charles Lamb, and Robert Louis Stevenson. However, she was only able to go to a communiversity at first. Then she went to the University of Alabama of  law at Tuscallosa in 1947. Surprisedly, She left the University of Alabama six months short of completing her law degree, although she later was awarded an honorary degree by that institution. After that, Lee traveled to England as an exchange student Oxford  University. Through her experience of her education, we can figure out a persist earnest girl, realize herself depending on effort. She was not a talent, just always in progress.(Encyclopedia, P220)

【嵌牛鼻子】: Science and Technology Committee, Stem

  By Erin Blakemore

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

2 — The maximum number of days the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggests keeping a fresh turkey before cooking it.

When Lee began composing To Kill a Mockingbird, the years 1933 to 1935 took place Great Depression and racial tensions were running high in the South as a whole, especially in Alabama. The Scottsboro incident happened there in 1931. Nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train. Then eight sentenced to death, the youngest at age 13, to life imprisonment. It sparked a mass defense movement. Lee is said to have been influenced greatly by it. (Telgen, P295)

【嵌牛提问】:Who were elected?

  smithsonian.com

  Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Little Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme (儿歌) about girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb? This is still disputed, but it’s clear that the woman 26 for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating 27 。 In honor of the poem publication on May 24,1830, here’s more about the 28 author’s life。

2——美利坚合众国农业总部提出,在烹调前破例火鸡的保质期最多是两日。

As a result, she wrote down To Kill a Mockingbird which contains her thinking of prejudice and tolerance, guilt and innocence. In the book when the children receive guns for Christmas, Atticus tells them it is all right to shoot at blue jays, but "it's sin to kill a mockingbird". As Miss Maudie explains, it would thoughtlessly cruel to kill innocent creatures that "don't do one thing but music for us to enjoy."(Telgen, P295) From human appeared, this kind of topics never stop arguing. To Kill a Mockingbird is an essence and revivification base on reality. It becomes southerners in the 1960s objected to its portrayal of white people and leads teenagers learn more about that period.

【嵌牛正文】:With the media also focussed heavily on issues such as pay parity, it came as a shock to many when the Science and Technology Committee responsible for advising and scrutinising government policy appointed eight white, middle aged men to represent the industry.

  May 24, 2016

  Hale wasn’t just a writer, she was also a 29 social advocate, and she was particularly 30 with an ideal New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence,” she began a nationwide 31 to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the 32 festivals。 In 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, issued a __33__ setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。

2.5 — The number in miles of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade available for public viewing.

Many people praise her a lot, though the latter result was hardly a leap from obscurity. "In her first novel, Harper Lee writes with gentle affection, rich humor and deep understanding of small-town family life in Alabama," wrote Frank H.Lyell in the New York Times Book Review. Truman Capote raved to George Plimpton of the New York Times Book Review that Lee was "a gifted woman, courageous, and with a warmth that instantly kindles most people, however suspicious or dour."

A Tweet announcing the new all-male Select Committee “up and running” was met with scorn as many in and outside of the science, technology, engineering and maths (Stem) industries criticised the lack of diversity in the line-up.

  Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme about a girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb companion? The jury is still out—but it’s clear that the woman reputed for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating characters。 In honor of the poem’s publication on May 24, 1830, here’s more about the supposed author’s life:

  The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only one part of the poem, but claimed authorship。 Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was __34__by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused some problems。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a poem about the event, then, at some point, Hale herself seems to have helped write it。 However, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale claimed for the __35__of her life that “Some other people pretended that someone else wrote the poem”。

二.伍——公众能够见见的Messi感恩节大游行是二.5公里。

In contract, some reviewers considered the book's ending to be overly dramatic and unnecessarily violent and as Lee depicted American society under slavery, they wanted to ban it to students. A concerned mother of a pupil exposed, "I'm not disputing this is great literature. But there is so much racial slurs in there and offensive wording that you can't get past that, and right now we are nation divided as it is." (National Review, n.pg) Moreover, others questioned the accuracy of the narrator's voice, the young Scout. "The praise Miss Lee deserves must be qualified somewhat by noting that oftentimes expository style has a processed, homogenized, impersonal flatness quite out of keeping with the narrator's gay, impulsive approach to life in youth," Lyell wrote.(Encyclopedia, n.pg)

Some labelled the line-up “disappointing” while others criticised knowledge scope of those selected, claiming many had a lack of background in science and technology.

  She was one of America’s most powerful media moguls。。。

  A) campaign I) proclamation

4 — Americans celebrate Thanksgiving every year on the fourth Thursday of November.

While small defects cannot obscure great virtues, Lee's reputation even has grown since the debut of her remarkable novel(Encyclopedia, P287). To Kill a Mockingbird reflects her concern about the slavery, racism and understanding of prejudice and guilt. She seems to suggest that children have a natural instinct for tolerance and understanding; only as they grow older do they learn to react to differences with fear and disdain. It really affects a great number of people.

Others pointed to the line-up as highlighting a “weakness” in the self-nomination process for Select Committees – it’s widely claimed that women are less likely to put themselves forward for roles than men.

  Forget Oprah—in the 19th century, there was one queen of media, and her name was Sarah Josepha Hale。 She first plunged into national prominence as one of the nation’s first published women novelists and poets。 Her book Northwood: Or, Life North and South advocated that slaves be relocated to Liberia rather than continue to toil in the U.S。 It attracted the attention of a Boston reverend who invited the recently widowed Hale to edit the Ladies’ Magazine, a new magazine aimed at fashionable women。

  B) career J) rectified

四——德国人在每年十二月的第多少个星期肆热闹感恩节。

Work cited

Hindsight can be a wonderful thing, and following the backlash in the wake of the announcement, the new chair if the committee, Norman Lamb, wrote a letter to various Government officials to urge that diversity was taken into account during the selection of the remaining three places in the committee.

  In 1837, Hale’s magazine was acquired by Louis Godey, who also owned the popular Lady’s Book, and Godey’s Lady’s Book, the new publication that emerged, quickly became America’s most influential magazine。 At its height, the magazine had over 150,000 subscribers, was widely read by men and women, and featured some of the nation’s best literary talent, like Edgar Allan Poe and Harriet Beecher Stowe。

  C) characters K) reputed

5-5.5 — The number of hours it takes to cook a stuffed 22- to 24-pound turkey in an oven set to 325 degrees Fahrenheit.

"To Kill a Mockingbird." Novels for Students, edited by Diane Telgen, vol. 2, Gale, 1997, pp. 285-307. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

He said: “The practice is for parties to run their own processes to identify members to put forward for the House’s approval, but this has resulted in no women currently being nominated for my committee. I am concerned that this will affect the ability of the committee to perform its role effectively.”

  Known as much for its fashion plates and dress patterns as its uplifting poetry and edifying articles, the magazine was in print for another 70 years。 Hale herself was at its helm for 40—enough time to become the most influential arbiter of fashion, culture and American female taste of her time。 She used her influence not just to tell women what to wear, but how to think。

  D) features L) rest

5-5.5——把2头塞满了事物的2贰到二四磅重的火鸡放到3二五华氏摄氏度的烤箱里要烤5-伍.六个刻钟。

"Harper Lee." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 20, Gale, 2004, pp. 220-222. PowerSearch, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

A woman, Vicky Ford, has since been appointed to one of those positions, and she has already felt it necessary to highlight on Twitter that she was not given the position as a result of tokenism but “on merit”.

  …but Hale didn’t think women should vote。

  E) fierce M) supposed

11-12 — The number of hours it takes to thaw a frozen 22- to 24-pound turkey in cold water. Compare that with the 5? to six days it takes to thaw in the refrigerator.

"'I'm not disputing this is great literature,' said the concerned mother of a pupil exposed to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and To Kill a Mockingbird." National Review, 31 Dec. 2016, p. 12. Opposing Viewpoints In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

I know a lot of men in the industry who are doing everything they can to try and further diversity in the tech workplace – but they’re not necessarily the ones influencing government policy and more needs to be done to ensure these decision makers reflect wider society.

  Was Hale a feminist? The term is so laden with modern meaning that it’s hard to apply to a powerful woman like Hale。 But though Hale supported everything from women’s education to employment, she though that women’s powers were intended to be used subtly。 Not only did she oppose women’s suffrage, but she thought that women were better off wielding what she called a “secret, silent influence” on men instead of entering politics on their own。

  F) inspired N) traditional

1一-12——在冷水里解冻三头2二到二四磅的火鸡要1一-11个钟头。一样在三门电冰箱里解冻的话要5.5-三天。

It has always been widely highlighted that a large number of those who use technology and influence buying decision in the household are women, and yet many are not represented throughout the industry.

  The magazine juggernaut that Hale helmed impressed similar values on women, emphasizing the importance of a separate sphere in which women could reign over domestic issues and affect the behaviors of others through their own deportment。 But though Hale’s magazine reinforced gender stereotypes, historians have argued that the “separate sphere” it upheld was actually a place where women could experience what little power and autonomy was available to them during the 19th century。

  G) latter O) versatile

36 — The number of years it took magazine editor Sarah Josepha Hale to crusade for an annual Thanksgiving holiday. National and local days of thanksgiving had been celebrated over the years, but President Abraham Lincoln finally proclaimed the fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving in 1863.

Unless women and those in other minority groups are part of the conversation surrounding the development and legislation of technology it is very likely these technologies will not be built to cater for everyone.

  She fought a fierce battle to make Thanksgiving a national holiday

  H) obsessed

3陆——杂志编辑Sarah·约瑟法·霍尔花了36年为历年的感恩节改进而拼搏。从国家到地点都在庆祝感恩节,然则亚伯拉罕·Lincoln总统最后在18陆叁年发表了三月的第多少个星期④为感恩节。

Personally, a last minute plea for diversity with only a few spaces left to fill is too little too late – Lamb’s call for a review of “the way in which parties invite nominations” to encourage gender and other types of diversity needs to be seriously addressed.

  Hale wasn’t just a writer: She was also a fierce social advocate。 Born in New Hampshire, she was particularly obsessed with an idealized idea of New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence。” Using the platform provided by Godey’s Lady’s Book, she began a national campaign to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the glorious festivals of yore。 No matter that the first Thanksgiving was celebrated by a privileged few in a time of rampant starvation and the suppression of Native Americans—Hale wanted her Thanksgiving。 And in 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln, embroiled in the Civil War, issued a proclamation setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。

  Section B

46 million — The estimated number of turkeys eaten in the United States on Thanksgiving 2012.

  She once preserved a Boston monument with an epic craft fair

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。 Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

4600万——2011年的感恩节,奥地利人预测吃掉了4600万只火鸡。

  Though Hale’s legacy today revolves around putting turkey and mashed potatoes on tables everywhere, her interests extended to other New England icons。 In 1840, Hale organized the mother of all craft fairs at Boston’s Quincy Market。 The seven-day fair raised a whopping $30,000 to finish the building of an ornate obelisk to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill。 That’s the equivalent of fundraising nearly $800,000 today。

  Peer Pressure Has a Positive Side

46.3 million — The estimated number of Americans who will be traveling for the Thanksgiving holiday in 2014, according to AAA.

  Her nursery rhyme was inspired by actual events

  A。 Parents of teenagers often view their children‘s friends with something like suspicion。 They worry that the adolescent peer group has the power to push its members into behavior that is foolish and even dangerous。 Such wariness is well founded: statistics show, for example, that a teenage driver with a same-age passenger in the car is at higher risk of a fatal crash than an adolescent driving alone or with an adult。

4630万——根据AAA报告,在201四年,预计有4630万的法国人在感恩节出去游览。

  The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to the New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only part of the poem, but claimed authorship。 The poem was included in Hale’s book Poems for our Children, which she intended “to inculcate moral truths and virtuous sentiments” to families and children。

  B。 In a 2005 study, psychologist Laurence Steinberg of Temple University and his co-author, psychologist Margo Gardner, then at Temple, divided 306 people into three age groups: young adolescents, with a mean age of 14; older adolescents, with a mean age of 19; and adults, aged 24 and older。 Subjects played a computerized driving game in which the player must avoid crashing into a wall that materializes, without warning, on the roadway。 Steinberg and Gardner randomly assigned some participants to play alone or with two same-age peers looking on。

50 million — The approximate number of people who typically watch the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade on television.

  Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was inspired by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused a commotion。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a doggerel about the events。 The verse was so popular that eventually Mary sold the lamb’s wool for a higher price based on its fame。 It earned $60, which was used to help rebuild Boston’s Old South Church。 At some point, Hale herself seems to have co-opted the verse—though, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale called fraud, claiming that “some other people pretended that some one else wrote [the poem]” for the rest of her life。

  C。 Older adolescents scored about 50 percent higher on an index of risky driving when their peers were in the room—and the driving of early adolescents was fully twice as reckless when other young teens were around。 In contrast, adults behaved in similar ways regardless of whether they were on their own or observed by others。 “The presence of peers makes adolescents and youth, but not adults, more likely to take risks,” Steinberg and Gardner concluded。

伍仟万——在TV上观察Messi感恩节大游行的大概的观者多少有四千万人。

  来源:新东方

  D。 Yet in the years following the publication of this study, Steinberg began to believe that this interpretation did not capture the whole picture。 As he and other researchers examined the question of why teens were more apt to take risks in the company of other teenagers, they came to suspect that a crowd‘s influence need not always be negative。 Now some experts are proposing that we should take advantage of the teen brain’s keen sensitivity to the presence of friends and leverage it to improve education。

65 — Percentage of Americans surveyed who said eating Thanksgiving leftovers is more important than eating their regular Thanksgiving meal.

  E。 In a 2011 study, Steinberg and his colleagues turned to functional MRI (磁共振) to investigate how the presence of peers affects the activity in the adolescent brain。 They scanned the brains of 40 teens and adults who were playing a virtual driving game designed to test whether players would brake at a yellow light or speed on through the crossroad。

65——65%参加问卷的葡萄牙人称,吃掉感恩节的剩饭比吃掉平时的感恩大餐重要的多。

  F。 The brains of teenagers, but not adults, showed greater activity in two regions associated with rewards when they were being observed by same-age peers than when alone。 In other words, rewards are more intense for teens when they are with peers, which motivates them to pursue higher-risk experiences that might bring a big payoff (such as the thrill of just making the light before it turns red)。 But Steinberg suspected this tendency could also have its advantages。 In his latest experiment, published online in August, Steinberg and his colleagues used a computerized version of a card game called the Iowa Gambling Task to investigate how the presence of peers affects the way young people gather and apply information。

67 — The number of years between 1947, the first National Thanksgiving Turkey presentation at the White House, and Thanksgiving 2014.

  G。 The results: Teens who played the Iowa Gambling Task under the eyes of fellow adolescents engaged in more exploratory behavior, learned faster from both positive and negative outcomes, and achieved better performance on the task than those who played in solitude。 “What our study suggests is that teenagers learn more quickly and more effectively when their peers are present than when they‘re on their own,” Steinberg says。 And this finding could have important implications for how we think about educating adolescents。

陆七——从1九四7年,即首先个在克里姆林宫进行感恩节火鸡浮现大会到前些天201四年早已过了六7年。

  H。 Matthew D。 Lieberman, a social cognitive neuroscientist at the University of California, Los Angeles, and author of the 2013 book Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect, suspects that the human brain is especially adept at learning socially salient information。 He points to a classic 2004 study in which psychologists at Dartmouth College and Harvard University used functional MRI to track brain activity in 17 young men as they listened to descriptions of people while concentrating on either socially relevant cues (for example, trying to form an impression of a person based on the description) or more socially neutral information (such as noting the order of details in the description)。 The descriptions were the same in each condition, but people could better remember these statements when given a social motivation。

69 — The approximate percentage of Thanksgiving Day fires caused by cooking.

  I。 The study also found that when subjects thought about and later recalled descriptions in terms of their informational content, regions associated with factual memory, such as the medial temporal lobe, became active。 But thinking about or remembering descriptions in terms of their social meaning activated the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex—part of the brain‘s social network—even as traditional memory regions registered low levels of activity。 More recently, as he reported in a 2012 review, Lieberman has discovered that this region may be part of a distinct network involved in socially motivated learning and memory。 Such findings, he says, suggest that “this network can be called on to process and store the kind of information taught in school—potentially giving students access to a range of untapped mental powers。”

6九——因为烹调引起的感恩节火灾大约占6玖%。

  J。 If humans are generally geared to recall details about one another, this pattern is probably even more powerful among teenagers who are hyperattentive to social minutiae: who is in, who is out, who likes whom, who is mad at whom。 Their penchant for social drama is not—or not only—a way of distracting themselves from their schoolwork or of driving adults crazy。 It is actually a neurological(神经的) sensitivity, initiated by hormonal changes。 Evolutionarily speaking, people in this age group are at a stage in which they can prepare to find a mate and start their own family while separating from parents and striking out on their own。 To do this successfully, their brain prompts them to think and even obsess about others。

73 — The number of years between 1941, when Congress decided that the fourth Thursday in November would be observed as Thanksgiving Day and a federal legal holiday, and Thanksgiving 2014.

  K。 Yet our schools focus primarily on students as individual entities。 What would happen if educators instead took advantage of the fact that teens are powerfully compelled to think in social terms? In Social, Lieberman lays out a number of ways to do so。 History and English could be presented through the lens of the psychological drives of the people involved。 One could therefore present Napoleon in terms of his desire to impress or Churchill in terms of his lonely melancholy。 Less inherently interpersonal subjects, such as math, could acquire a social aspect through team problem solving and peer tutoring。 Research shows that when we absorb information in order to teach it to someone else, we learn it more accurately and deeply, perhaps in part because we are engaging our social cognition。

7叁——从194柒年,当过会发表每年6月的第七个星期四是感恩节并且作为官方休假,到这段时间201四年已有7三年。

  L。 And although anxious parents may not welcome the notion, educators could turn adolescent recklessness to academic ends。 “Risk taking in an educational context is a vital skill that enables progress and creativity,” wrote Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, a cognitive neuroscientist at University College London, in a review published last year。 Yet, she noted, many young people are especially risk averse at school—afraid that one low test score or mediocre grade could cost them a spot at a selective university。 We should assure such students that risk, and even peer pressure, can be a good thing—as long as it happens in the classroom and not the car。

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  36。 It is thought probable that the human brain is particularly good at picking-up socially important information。

88 — The approximate percentage of Americans who eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day, according to a National Turkey Federation survey.

  37。 It can be concluded from experiment that the presence of peers increases risk-taking by adolescents and youth。

88——依据国家火鸡缔盟的调查探讨,在感恩节吃火鸡的法国人占大约88%。

  38。 Students should be told that risk XXX classroom can be something positive。

90 — The number of years between 1924, when the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade took place, and Thanksgiving 2014. It was originally called the Macy’s Christmas Parade.

  39。 The XXX a mate and getting married accounts for adolescents’ greater attention to social interactions。

90——在1921年办起第③个Messi感恩节大游行,到现行反革命2014的感恩节已经去世了90年。最初它被叫作Messi圣诞大游行。

  40。 According to Steinberg, the presence of peers increases the speed and effectiveness of teenagers’ leaning。

94 — The number of years between the first NFL Thanksgiving Day games in 1920 and Thanksgiving 2014.

  41。 Teenagers’ parents are often concerned XXX negative peer influence。

94——1917年率先个NFL感恩节游戏设置于今(2014年),已有玖陆个年头。

  42。 Activating the XXX network involved in socially motivated learning and memory may XXX tap XXX mental powers。

151 — The number of years between October 3, 1863, when Lincoln proclaimed a national annual Thanksgiving Day, and Thanksgiving 2014.

  43。 The presence of peer intensifies the feeling of rewards in teens’ brains。

15壹——186三年11月三22日,当Lincoln发表每年固定的感恩节至今(201肆年)已谢世了151年。

  44。 When we absorb information for the purpose of imparting it to ethers, we do so with greater secretary and depth。

225 — The number of years between 1789, when President George Washington issued a proclamation naming November 26 a day of national thanksgiving, and Thanksgiving 2014.

  45。 Some experts are suggesting that we turn peer influence to good use in education。

2二5——178玖年,吉优rge·华盛顿总理发布了三个扬言,称5月2215日为感恩节到现在(2014年)已去世了225年。

  Section C

393 — The number of years between 1621, when the first Thanksgiving was observed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and Thanksgiving 2014. A good harvest led Plymouth Colony Gov. William Bradford to plan a festival to give thanks. Around 90 Native Americans attended.

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

393——在16二一年,第壹个感恩节在普利茅斯和德克萨斯州举办,至今2014年的感恩节,已经过去了393年。普利茅斯殖民政党的威尔iam·Brad福德安排了三回感恩节大丰收庆祝。大致有87个地方的意大利人与会了典礼。

  Passage One

4,500 — The average number of calories you might consume on Thanksgiving, according to the Calorie Control Council. That’s 3,000 for the meal, and another 1,500 for snacking and nibbling.

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

4500——遵照卡路里决定委员会的告知,你在感恩节平均进食的卡路里数是4500。吃饭占两千卡路里,零食和零食占了此外1500。

  The Ebro Delta, in Spain, famous as a battleground during the Spanish Civil War, is now the setting for a different contest, one that is pitting rice farmers against two enemies: the rice-eating giant apple snail, and rising sea levels。 What happens here will have a bearing on the future of European rice production and the overall health of southern European wetlands。

100,000-plus — Questions typically answered by the Butterball Turkey hotline every November and December.

  Located on the Mediterranean just two hours south of Barcelona, the Ebro Delta produces 120 million kilograms of rice a year, making it one of the continent’s most important rice-growing areas。 As the sea creeps into these freshwater marshes, however, rising salinity (盐分) is hampering rice production。 At the same time, this sea-water also kills off the greedy giant apple snail, an introduced pest that feeds on young rice plants。 The most promising strategy has become to harness one foe against the other。

拾万+——每年八月和一月,胖子火鸡热线要应对拾万七个难点。

  The battle is currently being waged on land, in greenhouses at the University of Barcelona。 Scientists working under the banner “Project Neurice” are seeking varieties of rice that can withstand the increasing salinity without losing the absorbency that makes European rice ideal for traditional Spanish and Italian dishes。

92.1 million — Black Friday shoppers in 2013.

  “The project has two sides,” says Xavier Serrat, Neurice project manager and researcher at the University of Barcelona。 “The short-term fight against the snail, and a mid- to long-term fight against climate change。 But the snail has given the project greater urgency。”

玖二十万——20一三年黑褐星期陆的主顾有92八千0人。

  Originally from South America, the snails were accidentally introduced into the Ebro Delta by Global Aquatic Tecnologies, a company that raised the snails for fresh-water aquariums (水族馆), but failed to prevent their escape。 For now, the giant apple snail’s foothold in Europe is limited to the Ebro Delta。 But the snail continues its march to new territory, says Serrat。 “The question is not if it will reach other rice-growing areas of Europe, but when。”

205 million — The number of turkeys raised in the United States in 2013.

  Over the next year and a half investigators will test the various strains of saline-tolerant rice they’ve concocted。 In 2018, farmers will plant the varieties with the most promise in the Ebro Delta and Europe’s other two main rice-growing regions—along the Po in Italy, and France’s Rhône。 A season in the field will help determine which, if any, of the varieties are ready for commercialization。

贰亿500万——U.S.在20一叁年调和了2亿500万只火鸡。

  As an EU-funded effort, the search for salt-tolerant varieties of rice is taking place in all three countries。 Each team is crossbreeding a local European short-grain rice with a long-grain Asian variety that carries the salt-resistant gene。 The scientists are breeding successive generations to arrive at varieties that incorporate salt tolerance but retain about 97 percent of the European rice genome (基因组)。

(来源:沪江马耳他语)

  46。 Why does the author mention the Spanish Civil War at the beginning of the passage?

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  A) It had great impact on the life of Spanish rice farmers。

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  B) It is of great significance in the records of Spanish history。

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  C) Rice farmers in the Ebro Delta are waging a battle of similar importance。

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  D) Rice farmers in the Ebro Delta are XXX as hard a time as in the war。

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  47。 What may be XXX for rice farmers to employ in flghting their enemies?

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  A) XXX enemy first。 B) Eliminating the enemy one by one。

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  C) Killing two bird with one stone。 D) Using one evil to combat the other。

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  48。 What do we learn about “Project Neurice”?

  A) Its goals will have to be realized at a cost。

  B) It aims to increase the yield of Spanish rice。

  C) Its immediate priority is to bring the pest under control。

  D) It tries to kill the snails with the help of climate change。

  49。 What does Neurice project manager say about the giant apple snail?

  A) It can survive only on southern European wetlands。

  B) It will invade other rice-growing regions of Europe。

  C) It multiplies at a speed beyond human imagination。

  D) It was introduced into the rice fields on purpose。

  来源:新东方

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