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原标题:201陆考研匈牙利(Magyarország)语真题中的那么些

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  2015考研[微博]阿尔巴尼亚语一的完形填空最初的文章依旧是缘于网址。大家还记得2014年报考硕士英语1的完形正是一贯来源于网址,而且以致依然山西大庆的高三模拟考题。文都教育师资第不平日间找到了二〇一9年完形的题源,来自于外文网址Givology,最初的作品标题为:DNA of Friendship: Study Finds We are Genetically Linked to Our Friends,DNA友谊:切磋发掘大家在基因上和大家的恋人有所复杂的牵连。笔者:杰伊alakshmi K,发表时间为:July 壹5, 201四。文章发布时间为201四年的八月壹伍号,照旧继续了如今时效性强的作风。

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  20一5大学生入学统1考试韩文壹试题答案 深入分析

  大多正值预备201六学士考生的考生都打听都教师,报考博士[微博]斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语在寒假中应当什么备考呢,都教师感觉,匈牙利(Hungary)语在寒假阶段主要基础积存,除了词汇的记得外,固定搭配也是一大首要,能够协助考生越来越好的知晓段落小说宗旨。上面都教师就使用真题带各位考生来看望应该重视记念何种搭配的词汇。

  Passage Four

  无论是报考博士教导教授要么报考硕士学子,大家多数以为,近两年的完形小说相对到以后年来讲简单了大多,文章的简约与否,其实对于确实最后出来考研日语的分数到底是有个别,其间并不曾三个拾分正相关的关联,本质和基本在哪些地点? 在经过那一个小说的幕后,我们要去调节着怎么的本领? 有两点难题是足以显著的:第3,完形填空全部的难度偏轻易了,并且出题思路牢固;第3,近四年报考大学生小说的完整趋势正是实际效果性不断地提升,日常是在此以前几个月的《理学人》那样的一些笔录其中或看好学习钻探网址在那之中,摘取作品,并且对它进行改写。

  • 和讯辅导报考博士栏目征稿启示
  • 2015年报考博士国家线已发布
  • 34校20一伍考研复试线已宣告
  • 201五全国外省高校调和新闻平台
  • 20壹伍大学报考学士调和新闻公布办法
  • 2014年报考学士考生公布疗养意向区

  Section 1 Use of English

  真题段落1:

  Scientists are hoping to eliminate malaria(疟疾)by developing a genetically modified mosquito that cannot transmit the disease. Malaria has long troubled the populations of South America, Africa, and Asia, where mosquito bites infect up to 500 million people a year with this serious and sometimes fatal parasitic blood disease. For generations, scientists have been trying to eliminate malaria by developing new drugs and using pesticides(杀虫剂)to wipe out local mosquito populations. But these measure aren’t working — and some scientists, like Greg Lanzaro, say that because of drug resistance and population changes, malaria is actually more prevalent now than it was 20 years ago. Lanzaro says he has a better way to stop the spread of malaria: genetically modifying mosquitoes so they are unable to carry the disease.

  所以依然建议201陆报考大学生的考生,养成平常阅读英文的习于旧贯,平常读一些社会科学和自然科学类的笔记或网址小说,真正升高和谐的意国语阅读精晓水平,那才是必须要经过的路!

  在备注中,以真题来分析解题思路,深度开掘命题教授的出题思路,将真题成效发挥得不亦乐乎,实在是备考的特级良方。201陆考研[微博]塞尔维亚(Serbia)语的备注也是那般,能达成以上水平的考生,势必会对考题有着1番深彻底彻的研究,解题也进一步一箭穿心。昨日都教师就从真题的角度出发,带考生们来探视真题中有啥样基本高频考试的地点。

  Directions:Readthe following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank andmark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

  Lanzaro and his colleagues are planning a multi-year project to produce malaria-resistant mosquitoes — and he thinks they can do it within five years. “We can get foreign genes into mosquitoes and they go where they’re supposed to go,” Lanzaro says, pointing out that scientists have already succeeded in genetically engineering mosquitoes that cannot transmit malaria to birds and mice. And, he says, scientists are quickly making progress on genes that block transmission of the disease to humans as well.

  (文都附)Givology网址20一伍完形原来的作品:

  【2015真题】

  Though not biologically related, friends are as "related" as fourth cousins, sharing about 1% of genes. That is 1 a study published from the University of California and Yale University in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has 2 。

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to do.

  The most difficult part scientifically, Lanzaro says, is figuring out how to get the lab-engineered mosquitoes to spread their genes into natural populations. After all, he points out, it’s useless to engineer mosquitoes in the lab that can’t transmit malaria when there are millions out in the wild that can. To solve this problem, Lanzaro wants to load up a mobile piece of DNA with the malaria-resistant gene, and then insert it into a group of mosquito embryos. The malaria-resistant gene would be integrated directly into the mosquitoes’ DNA, making it impossible for those mosquitoes to transmit the parasite that causes malaria.In this way a small group of lab-raised mosquitoes could be released into the wild, and by interbreeding with wild mosquitoes, eventually transmit the beneficial gene to the entire population.

  We have more genes in common with people we pick to be our friends than with strangers. Though not biologically related, friends are as "related" as fourth cousins, sharing about 1% of genes. That is what a study published from the University of California and Yale University in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has concluded。

  The study found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity . Why this similarity in olfactory genes is difficult to explain , for now . Perhaps , as the team suggests , if draws us to similar environments but there is more to it . There could be many mechanisms working in tandem that drive us in choosing genetically similar friends rather than“functional kinship” of being friends with benefits !One of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving faster than other genes . Studying this could help under stand why human evolution picked pace in the last 30000 years , with social environment being a major contributory factor。

  The study is a genome-wide analysis conducted 3 1932 unique subjects which 4 pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers. The same people were used in both 5 。

  ●高频搭配

  46.One reason for malaria to be widespread now is that .

  The study is a genome-wide analysis conducted on 1932 unique subjects which compared pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers. The same people were used in both samples. While 1% may seem insignificant, it is not so to a geneticist. As co-author of the study James Fowler, professor of medical genetics at UC San Diego says, "Most people do not even know their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who resemble our kin."

  ●闪光词组

  While 1% may seem 6 , it is not so to a geneticist. As co-author of the study James Fowler, professor of medical genetics at UC San Diego says, "Most people do not even 7 their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who 8 our kin."

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

  A.more people have moved to malaria-infected areas

  The team also developed a "friendship score" which can predict who will be your friend based on their genes. The study also found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity. Why this similarity in olfactory genes is difficult to explain, for now. Perhaps, as the team suggests, it draws us to similar environments but there is more to it. There could be many mechanisms working in tandem that drive us in choosing genetically similar friends rather than "functional kinship" of being friends with benefits!

  朋友之间X是同等的:X be something shared in friends

  The team also developed a "friendship score" which can predict who will be your friend based on their genes。

  不依据于任何单位:Work indipendently of any institution

  B.mosquitoes have become resistant to pesticides

  One of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving faster than other genes. Studying this could help understand why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,000 years, with social environment being a major contributory factor。

  事情未有那样不难:there is more to it

  The study 9 found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity. Why this similarity in olfactory genes is difficult to explain, for now. 10 , as the team suggests, it draws us to similar environments but there is more 11 it. There could be many mechanisms working in tandem that 12 us in choosing genetically similar friends 13 than "functional kinship" of being friends with 14 !

  帮忙分布该意见:Help popularize the idea

  C.genetically modified mosquitoes still transmit the disease

  The findings do not simply corroborate people's tendency to befriend those of similar ethnic backgrounds, say the researchers. Though all the subjects were drawn from a population of European extraction, care was taken to see that all subjects, friends and strangers were taken from the same population. The team also controlled the data to check ancestry of subjects。(文都教育)

  繁多机制共同起作用:many mechanisms work in tandem

  One of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving 15 than other genes. Studying this could help 16 why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,000 years, with social environment being a major 17 factor。

  引起了比极大的顶牛:Arouse much controversy

  D.mosquitoes bite as many as 500 million people a year

  人类进步的快慢加快:human evolution picks pace

  The findings do not simply corroborate people’s 18 to befriend those of similar 19 backgrounds, say the researchers. Though all the subjects were drawn from a population of European extraction, care was taken to 20 that all subjects, friends and strangers were taken from the same population. The team also controlled the data to check ancestry of subjects。

  1想到……就恐怖的人身颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

  47.Lanzaro is hopeful that in a few years man can .

  X起到重要成效:with X being a major contributory factor

  1 A what B why C how D when

  独辟蹊径,卓尔不群的人:Rare bird

  A.start to eliminate malaria

  ●长难句翻译

  2 A defended B concluded C withdrawn D advised

  由细菌滋生的:Have a bacterial cause

  B.cure parasitic blood diseases

  The study found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity 。

  3 A for B with C by D on

  ●加强习题

  C.prevent mice from transmitting parasites

  钻探还开掘,朋友之间嗅觉基因是均等的,但免疫性基因不是。

  4 A separated B sought C compared D connected

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

  D.acquire immunity against malaria

  【2012年真题】

  5 A tests B objects C samples D examples

  结构提醒:that some diseases 是近来 the idea 的同位语从句,not previously thought to have a bacterial cause做前置定语修饰前边的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually infections.

  48.Lanzaro is confident that scientists can block transmission of malaria to humans because

  Over time , the attributes of greatness shifted. The Romantics commemorated the leading painters and authors of their day, stressing the uniqueness of the artist's personal experience rather than public glory. By contrast, the Victorian author Samual Smiles wrote Self-Help as a catalogue of the worthy lives of engineers , industrialists and explores . "The valuable examples which they furnish of the power of self-help, if patient purpose, resolute working and steadfast integrity, issuing in the formulation of truly noble and many character, exhibit,"wrote Smiles."what it is in the power of each to accomplish for himself"。

  6 A insignificant B unexpected C unreliable D incredible

  参照他事他说加以考察译文:他拉拉扯扯广泛那样2个观点,即此前以为不是由细菌滋生的某个疾病实际就是传染病,该意见第三遍提议来的时候,引起了相当大的争持。

  A.natural mosquito populations do not change

  ●闪光词组

  7 A visit B miss C know D seek

  真题段落2:

  B.scientists have succeeded with birds and mice

  对一代天骄的概念有所不一致:the attributes of greatness shifted

  8 A surpass B influence C favor D resemble

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.

  C.foreign genes always go where they are required

  赞颂杰出画师:commemorate the leading painters

  9 A again B also C instead D thus

  ●高频搭配

  D.lab-raised mosquitoes will not be resistant to drugs

  提供宝贵的范例:furnish the valuable examples

  10 A Meanwhile B Furthermore C Likewise D Perhaps

  碰到局地令人难受的遗传性疾病

  49.What is the most difficult part of Lanzaro’s project?

  坚韧、勤勉、正直:patient purpose , resolute working and steadfast integrity

  11 A about B to C from D like

  从前被以为是不相干的have previously been thought unrelated

  A.Spreading malaria-resistant genes into natural mosquito populations.

  高尚的和具有男生汉气魄的材料:noble and manly character

  12 A limit B observe C confuse D drive

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

  B.Raising malaria-resistant mosquitoes.

  ●长难句翻译

  13 A according to B rather than C regardless of D along with

  中度重教的理念意识a strong tradition of valuing education

  C.Making genes that block the transmission of malaria.

  The Romantics commemorated the leading painters and authors of their day, stressing the uniqueness of the artist's personal experience rather than public glory。

  14 A chances B responses C benefits D missions

  被看成基因隔绝的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

  D.Identifying malaria-resistant genes.

  浪漫主义时代在表彰该时期的独占鳌头书法家和史学家时,强调的不是其所获取的集体荣誉,而是他们个人经历的分外之处。

  15 A faster B slower C later D earlier

  密切相关 be intimately linked

  50.According to the passage, a fundamental way to wipe out malaria is to .

  凡事贵在坚韧不拔,有一种成功叫做永不言弃,大概能成功大事者,身上都负有百折不挠的意志。希望各位考生能够维持水滴石穿的饱满,在后来的二零一四考研备考中一步3个脚印的稳扎稳打,最后叩响理想的大门。预祝各位考生首屈一指,蟾宫取胜!

  16 A forecast B remember C express D understand

  使她们承受独特的发展力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures

  A.develop new malaria-resistant drugs

  本文由文都教育供稿。

  17 A unpredicted B contributory C controllable D disruptive

  争辨的图景 paradoxical state of affairs

  B.produce effective pesticides to kill mosquitoes

  18 A tendency B decision C arrangement D endeavor

  ●加强习题

  C.change the genetic makeup of mosquitoes

  19 A political B religious C ethnic D economic

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately linked.

  D.remove people from malaria-infected areas

  20 A see B show C prove D tell

  仿效译文:Cochran博士认为,高智与疾病密切相关。

  答案深入分析

  希望通过那两段真题中的段落,能让考生认知到应有积存何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢根基的好时节,希望各位考生可以踏实备考。预祝我们备考顺遂,获得优秀佳绩!

    越来越多音讯请访问:博客园报考学士频道 考研论坛 报考硕士博客圈

  一、A what 本句的句意是:那正是马里兰高校和北卡罗来纳Madison分校大学在美利哥国家科高校告诉上同步公布的商讨成果。第叁个空考查表语从句的引导词。

  小说来源:文都教育

  极度表达:由于外省点意况的不断调解与转换,新浪网所提供的有所考试音信仅供参照他事他说加以考查,敬请考生以权威部门发布的标准音信为准。

  2、B concluded 本句的句意是:那正是马萨诸塞大学和南洋理管理高校在U.S.A.国家中国科学技术大学学告知上一齐发布的研商成果。第二个空为针对从句谓语实行的词义调查。

  三、D on 本句前半句的句意是:那项研商是二个依据一玖三二个奇特个体的基因组广谱深入分析。侦察Conduct on词组,进行。从句意为:它对成对儿的非亲缘朋友和外人实行对比。

  四、C compared 比较,依据上下文及后一句的same知道,比较为超级。

  5、C samples 词义题,样本,C为拔尖选拔。

  陆、A insignificant 词义题,一%,以及背后的not so转折,决断,A insignificant不明明,为拔尖选项。

  七、C know 句意为:一些人尽管并不认得她们第4代的表亲,但他们选用的情侣却和这么些亲朋很好的朋友颇有相似之处。

  八、D resemble 词义题,和上3个空产生转折。

  九、B also 上下文逻辑题,开掘了,还开采了。Also为最好选项。

  十、D Perhaps 结合上下文:这一光景很难解释,后边接原因,原因“只怕”是……最契合营品概略。

  1一、B to 介词题,意为:就好像那个实验钻探公司所发掘的,那几个成分不唯有把大家带到详细的条件中来,更有部分深档案的次序的熏陶。

  1贰、D drive 词义题,根据上下文,对大家发出震慑,驱使大家……drive为顶级选项。

  一3、B rather than 逻辑题,基因上一般的,功能上相似的,贰者龃龉不能够同时设有,rather than不是…而是最符合。

  14、C benefits 跟“效用”搭配,选个褒义词,带来好处的,最好。

  一伍、A faster 词义题,依据后半句解释,那正是为什么“picked pace”加快,这里只可以选faster,一些比此外一些上扬得越来越快,符合文意。

  1陆、D understand 词义题,那么些钻探能够支持大家了然一个真情。

  壹柒、B contributory 本句意为:社会条件是最重大的3个要素。Contributory进献,最好。

  1八、A tendency 结合小说主旨,选拔基因相似的人做情侣是遍布现象,tendency趋势倾向最适合。

  1九、C ethnic 同义替换,基因背景相似,种族的,民族的,最契合。

  20、A see 本句意为:固然具备的商量对象都取自澳大梅里达联邦(Commonwealth of Australia)血统,讨论者也花心绪确认保障了颇具(用于比对的)朋友和第1者也源自该血统中的同壹支系。

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

  Text 1

  King Juan Carlos of Spain once insisted kings don’t abdicate, they die in their sleep. But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down. So, dies the Spanish crisis suggest that monarchy is seeing its last days? Does that mean the uniting is on the wall for all European royals, with their magnificent uniforms and majestic lifestyles?

  The Spanish case previous arguments both for and against monarchy when public opinion is particularly. Polarized, as it was following the end of the France regime, monarchs can rise above “mere” politics and “embody” a spirit of national unity。

  It is this apparent transcendence of politics that explains monarchs continuing popularity as heads of states. And so, the Middle East expected, Europe is the most monarch-infested region is the world, with 10 kingdoms not counting Vatican city and Andorra. But unlike their absolutist counterparts in the Gulf and Asia, most royal families have survived because they allow voters to avoid the difficult search for a non-controversial but respect public figure。

  Even so, kings and queens undoubtedly have a downside, symbolic of national unity as they claim to be, their very history—and sometimes the way they behave today-embodies outdated and indefensible privileges and inequalities. At a time when Thomes Piketty and other ecumenists are warning of rising inequality and the increasing power of inherited wealth, it is bizarre that wealthy aristocratic families should still be the symbolic heart of modern democratic families should still be the symbolic heart of modern democratic states. The most successful monarchies strive to abandon or hide their old aristocratic ways. Prince and princess have day-jobs and ride bicycles, not horses (or helicopters). Even so, these are wealthy families who party with the international 1%, and media intrusiveness makes it increasingly difficult to maintain the right image。

  While Europe’s monarchies will no doubt be smart enough to strive for some time to come, it is the British royals who have most to fear from the Spanish example。

  It is only the Queen who has preserved the monarchy reputation with her rather ordinary (if well-healed) granny style. The danger will come with Charles, who has both an expensive taste of lifestyle and a pretty hierarchical view of the world. He has failed to understand that monarchies have largely survived because they provide a service—as non-controversial and non-political heads of state. Charles ought to know that as English history shows, it is kings of republicans, who are the monarchy’s worst enemies。

  21、according to the first two paragraphs, king Juan Carl of span

  [A] used to enjoy high public support

  [B] was unpopular among European royals

  [C] ended his reign in embarrassment

  [D] eased his relationship with his rivals

  22、monarchs are kept as head of state in Europe mostly

  [A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status

  [B] to achieve a balance between tradition and reality

  [C] to give voters more public figures to look up to

  [D] due to their everlasting political embodiment

  23. Which of the following is shown to be odd, according to Paragraph 4?

  [A] Aristocrats’ excessive reliance on inherited wealth。

  [B] The simple lifestyle of the aristocratic families。

  [C] The role of the nobility in modern democracies。

  [D] The nobility’s adherence to their privileges。

  24. The British royals “have most to fear” because Charles

  [A] takes a tough line on political issues。

  [B] fails to change his lifestyle as advised。

  [C] takes republicans as his potential allies。

  [D] fails to adapt himself to his future role。

  25. Which of the following is the best title of the text?

  [A] Carlos, Glory and Disgrace Combined

201陆考研匈牙利(Magyarország)语真题中的那么些核心高频考试的地方,20一伍报考学士土耳其共和国(Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)语1真题完形填空题源解析。  [B] Carlos, a Lesson for All European Monarchs

  [C] Charles, Slow to React to the Coming Threats

  [D] Charles, Anxious to Succeed to the Throne

  解析:

  21 D ended his reign in embarrassment

  此题属于细节题。

  依据重大词King Juan 卡洛斯 of Spain 定位到第二段率先和第二句。But embarrassing scandals…have forced him to eat his words and stand down. 此处stand down译为放任席位。由此D ended his reign in embarrassment是原版的书文内容的均等替换。

  22 A owing to their undoubted and respectable status

  此题属于细节题。

  根据入眼词定位到第1段率先句it is this apparent …that explains …as heads of state。和第二句But unlike their absolutist…most royal families have survived because they allow voters to avoid the difficult search for ...respected public figure. 绝大诸多皇家家族使得选民防止了追寻受人珍爱的公芸芸众生物的费力。由此A owing to their undoubted and respectable status是原版的书文内容的等同替换。

  23 B the role of the nobility in modern democracies

  此题属于细节题。

  依据主要词定位到第5段最后一句话…it is bizarre that wealthy aristocratic families should still be the symbolic heart of modern democratic states 古怪的是有钱的贵族家庭照旧处于今世民主国家的着力地方。因而B the role of the nobility in modern democracies是原来的文章内容的一样替换。

  24 B fails to change his lifestyle as advised

  此题属于细节题。

  依照器重词”have most of fear”定位到第6段,Charles定位到结尾一段的地二句Charles前边who指点定语从句who has both an expensive taste of lifestyle and …world因而B fails to change his lifestyle as advised是原版的书文内容的1律替换。

  25 C Carlos,a Lesson for All European Monarchs

  此题属于全文核心题。

201陆考研匈牙利(Magyarország)语真题中的那么些核心高频考试的地方,20一伍报考学士土耳其共和国(Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)语1真题完形填空题源解析。  注重全文,通篇都在围绕monarchs打开。第叁段由Carlos引出当今主公制面对的危害。由此Carlos,a Lesson for All European Monarchs是全文内容的确切归纳。

  Text 2

  Just how much does the Constitution protect your digital data? The Supreme Court will now consider whether police can search the contents of a mobile phone without a warrant if the phone is on or around a person during an arrest。

  California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling, particularly one that upsets the old assumptions that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest. It is hard, the state argues, for judges to assess the implications of new and rapidly changing technologies。

  The court would be recklessly modest if it followed California’s advice. Enough of the implications are discernable, even obvious, so that the justice can and should provide updated guidelines to police, lawyers and defendants。

  They should start by discarding California’s lame argument that exploring the contents of a smartphone-- a vast storehouse of digital information is similar to say, going through a suspect’s purse .The court has ruled that police don't violate the Fourth Amendment when they go through the wallet or pocketbook, of an arrestee without a warrant. But exploring one’s smartphone is more like entering his or her home. A smartphone may contain an arrestee’s reading history, financial history, medical history and comprehensive records of recent correspondence. The development of “cloud computing,” meanwhile, has made that exploration so much the easier。

  But the justices should not swallow California’s argument whole. New, disruptive technology sometimes demands novel applications of the Constitution’s protections. Orin Kerr, a law professor, compares the explosion and accessibility of digital information in the 21st century with the establishment of automobile use as a digital necessity of life in the 20th: The justices had to specify novel rules for the new personal domain of the passenger car then; they must sort out how the Fourth Amendment applies to digital information now。

  26. The Supreme Court, will work out whether, during an arrest, it is legitimate to

  [A] search for suspects’ mobile phones without a warrant。

  [B] check suspects’ phone contents without being authorized。

  [C] prevent suspects from deleting their phone contents。

  [D] prohibit suspects from using their mobile phones。

  27. The author’s attitude toward California’s argument is one of

  [A] tolerance。

  [B] indifference。

  [C] disapproval。

  [D] cautiousness。

  28. The author believes that exploring one’s phone content is comparable to

  [A] getting into one’s residence。

  [B] handing one’s historical records。

  [C] scanning one’s correspondences。

  [D] going through one’s wallet。

  29. In Paragraph 5 and 6, the author shows his concern that

  [A] principles are hard to be clearly expressed。

  [B] the court is giving police less room for action。

  [C] phones are used to store sensitive information。

  [D] citizens’ privacy is not effective protected。

  30.Orin Kerr’s comparison is quoted to indicate that

  (A)the Constitution should be implemented flexibly。

  (B)New technology requires reinterpretation of the Constitution。

  (C)California’s argument violates principles of the Constitution。

  (D)Principles of the Constitution should never be altered。

  T2

  26 答案B check suspects’ phone contents without being authorized

  解析:细节题。依据自然段定位原则,定位到首段。依照题干关键词supreme court,whether正确定位到第二段最后一句whether police can search the contents of a mobile phone….,与选择实行相应,即为B在不授权的境况下检查疑惑人的对讲机音讯。注意A选项应是search contents。

  27 答案 C disapproval

  深入分析:态度题。依据题干California’s argument定位到第一段最终一句及第壹段首句,这一个句子中涉及hard… recklessly modest…等负向词,表达的是负面态度。看选项属于负面包车型大巴就是disapproval。A 容忍,B冷漠是独立错误,D马虎。

  28 答案A getting into one’s residence

  剖判:细节题。题干问:作者感觉找寻电话薄就一定于怎么样?依照段落界定标准定位到第肆段转折处,提到But exploring one’s smart phone is more like entering his or her home。与选用对应,A中的residence对应home,是原来的书文的同意替换。注意D选项不是笔者的见解,不可能将文中人物观点当作小编观点。

  29 答案D citizens’ privacy is not effective protected

  分析:细节题。根据题干定位到5段和六段,题干问小编最关怀的是怎么着,正是相应段落的段落中央。因而,该题表面是细节题,实质为段落核心。5段首句为中央句提到,应选择措施尊崇数量隐衷;陆段又三番五次陈述原则的不合适之处。遵照这一个剧情,对应答案D 市民隐衷未能取得管用爱慕。

  30 答案 B New technology requires reinterpretation of the Constitution

  剖判:例证题。题干问的是援引Orin Kerr的目标是何等,即Orin Kerr是论据,其指标是论点。论点往往在论证的前方,所以要找例子前边的一句话,即New, disruptive technology sometimes demands novel applications of the Constitution’s protections。与选拔对应,正是B new technology是原词复现,require等同于demands,reinterpretation of the Constitution同义替换applications of the Constitution’s protections。

  Text 3

  The journal Science is adding an extra round of statistical checks to its peer-review process, editor-in-chief Marcia McNutt announced today. The policy follows similar efforts from other journals, after widespread concern that basic mistakes in data analysis are contributing to the irreproducibility of many published research findings。

  “Readers must have confidence in the conclusions published in our journal,” writes McNutt in an editorial. Working with the American Statistical Association, the journal has appointed seven experts to a statistics board of reviewing editors (SBoRE). Manu will be flagged up for additional scrutiny by the journal’s internal editors, or by its existing Board of Reviewing Editors or by outside peer reviewers. The SBoRE panel will then find external statisticians to review these manuscripts。

  Asked whether any particular papers had impelled the change, McNutt said: “The creation of the ‘statistics board’was motivated by concerns broadly with the application of statistics and data analysis in scientific research and is part of Science’s overall drive to increase reproducibility in the research we publish。”

  Giovanni Parmigiani, a biostatistician at the Harvard School of Public Health, a member of the SBoRE group, says he expects the board to “play primarily an advisory role。” He agreed to join because he “found the foresight behind the establishment of the SBoRE to be novel, unique and likely to have a lasting impact. This impact will not only be through the publications in Science itself, but hopefully through a larger group of publishing places that may want to model their approach after Science。”

  31. It can be learned from Paragraph I that

  [A] Science intends to simplify its peer-review process。

  [B]journals are strengthening their statistical checks。

  [C]few journals are blamed for mistakes in data analysis。

  [D]lack of data analysis is common in research projects。

  32. The phrase ‘flagged up” (Para.2)is the closest in meaning to

  [A]found。

  [B]revised。

  [C]marked

  [D]stored

  33. Giovanni Parmigiani believes that the establishment of the SBoRE may

  [A]pose a threat to all its peers

  [B]meet with strong opposition

  [C]increase Science’s circulation。

  [D]set an example for other journals

  34. David Vaux holds that what Science is doing now

  A. adds to researchers’ workload。

  B. diminishes the role of reviewers。

  C. has room for further improvement。

  D. is to fail in the foreseeable future。

  35. Which of the following is the best title of the text?

  A. Science Joins Push to Screen Statistics in Papers

  B. Professional Statisticians Deserve More Respect

  C. Data Analysis Finds Its Way onto Editors’ Desks

  D. Statisticians Are Coming Back with Science

  Text 3

  31. 答案 B journals are strengthening their statistical checks 段落预计题 侦察的是段子中央句,定位在首段首句 The journal Science is adding an extra source at Peer-review process, editor-in- chief Marcia McNott announced today. 《科学》 杂志就要对同行业评比审进程平添额外的能源。与选项B同意替换。

  3二. 答案 C marked 词义句意题 依据所猜短语flagged up 所在句子的句意,手稿将被flagged up以供杂志编辑、现成的编纂评审委员会或外部同行调查。相比多少个选项,只有C marked 被标识,符合题意。

  33. 答案 D set an example for other journals 观点细节题 定位在四段末句 This impact will not only be through the publications in Science itself, but hopefully through a larger group of publishing places that may want to model their approach after Science. 那不只对于《科学》 杂志本身的出版有影响,还有目的在于影响其它的出版社,那一个出版社想继《科学》 杂志之后树立和煦的出人头地形象。选项D是那句话的牢笼计算。

  3四. 答案 D has room for further improvement 观点细节题 定位在终极末句,沃克斯 says that Science’s idea to pass some papers to statisticians “has some merit, but a weakness is that ..。.”沃克斯以为《科学》 杂志的主张有点益处,但是有个毛病是..。.那就证实那些主张是有更为创新的长空的。

  3伍. 答案 A Science Joins Push to Screen Statistics in Papers 大旨大体题 本文首段首句正是全文核心句,《科学》 杂志就要对同行业评比审进度平添额外的能源,而且全文其余各样段落都在缠绕对那壹主张分裂专家的例外态度在论述,所以选项A是对全文大旨的欧洲经济共同体表明。

  Text 4

  Two years ago, Rupert Murdoch’s daughter, Elisabeth, spoke of the “unsettling dearth of integrity across so many of our institutions”. Integrity had collapsed, she argued, because of a collective acceptance that the only “sorting mechanism” in society should be profit and the market. But “it’s us, human beings, we the people who create the society we want, not profit”。

  Driving her point home, she continued: “It’s increasingly apparent that the absence of purpose, of a moral language within government, media or business could become one of the most dangerous goals for capitalism and freedom。” This same absence of moral purpose was wounding companies such as News International, she thought, making it more likely that it would lose its way as it had with widespread illegal telephone hacking。

  As the hacking trial concludes—finding guilty one ex-editor of the News of the World, Andy Coulson, for conspiring to hack phones, and finding his predecessor, Rebekah Brooks, innocent of the same charge—the wider issue of dearth of integrity still stands. Journalists are known to have hacked the phones of up to 5,500 people. This is hacking on an industrial scale, as was acknowledged by Glenn Mulcaire, the man hired by the News of the World in 2001 to be the point person for phone hacking. Others await trial. This saga still unfolds。

  In many respects, the dearth of moral purpose frames not only the fact of such widespread phone hacking but the terms on which the trial took place. One of the astonishing revelations was how little Rebekah Brooks knew of what went on in her newsroom, how little she thought to ask and the fact that she never inquired how the stories arrived. The core of her successful defense was that she knew nothing。

  In today’s world, it has become normal that well-paid executives should not be accountable for what happens in the organizations that they run. Perhaps we should not be so surprised. For a generation, the collective doctrine has been that the sorting mechanism of society should be profit. The words that have mattered are efficiency, flexibility, shareholder value, business-friendly, wealth generation, sales, impact and, in newspapers, circulation. Words degraded to the margin have been justice, fairness, tolerance, proportionality and accountability。

  The purpose of editing the News of the World was not to promote reader understanding, to be fair in what was written or to betray any common humanity. It was to ruin lives in the quest for circulation and impact. Ms Brooks may or may not have had suspicions about how her journalists got their stories, but she asked no questions, gave no instructions—nor received traceable, recorded answers。

  36. According to the first two paragraphs, Elisabeth was upset by

  (A) the consequences of the current sorting mechanism。

  (B) companies’ financial loss due to immoral practices

  (C) governmental ineffectiveness on moral issues。

  (D) the wide misuse of integrity among institutions。

  37. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that

  (A) Glenn Mulcaire may deny phone hacking as a crime。

  (B) more journalists may be found guilty of phone hacking。

  (C) Andy Coulson should be held innocent of the charge。

  (D) phone hacking will be accepted on certain occasions。

  38. The author believes that Rebekah Brooks’s defense

  (A) revealed a cunning personality。

  (B) centered on trivial issues。

  (C) was hardly convincing。

  (D) was part of a conspiracy。

  39. The author holds that the current collective doctrine shows

  (A) generally distorted values。

  (B) unfair wealth distribution。

  (C) a marginalized lifestyle。

  (D) a rigid moral code。

  40 Which of the following is suggested in the last paragraph?

  (A) The quality of writings is of primary importance。

  (B) Common humanity is central to news reporting。

  (C) Moral awareness matters in editing a newspaper。

  (D) Journalists need stricter industrial regulations。

  3六. 答案A. The consequences of the current sorting mechanism. 因果细节题 标题问到埃利sbeth 因什么而深感失落。定位在首先段第3句 Intergrity had collapsed, ..., because of a collective acceptance that the only “sorting mechanism” in society should be profit and the market, 由于社会中唯1的归类机制是盈利和商城那13头的观念,导致了不俗这种道德品质的丧失。

  三七. 答案 B more journalists may be found guilty of phone hacking 段落推测题 定位到第三段率先句 As the hacking trial concludes.... the wider issue of dearth of integrity still stands 正如窃听案计算的那样,依旧存在越来越宽泛的dearth of integrity 的轩然大波,与采纳B 对应。

  38. 答案 C was hardly convincing 观点细节题 依照第陆段第3句中astonishing,how little...,how little... She never ... 以及第一句中She knew nothing 的口吻判别小编的情态是认为RB的争鸣是绝非说服力的。

  3九. 答案 A generally distorted values 观点细节题 题干定位在第陆段第三句,答案定位在随之的第肆、第肆句。 The current collective doctrine 以为首要的是 efficiency, flexibility, shareholder value...., 而认为justice, fairness..。.不重要,故扭曲了观念。

  40. 答案是C moral awareness matters in editing a newspaper. 段落估算题 定位在最后1段前两句。世界消息杂志的指标不是提高读者的掌握本事。。。。而是为了发行量和影响力而毁了大千世界的生活。从ruined the lives 的抒发能看出笔者希望杂志所做的是拉长其道义意识,与C选项对应。

  Part B

  Directions:

  In the following article, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  How does your reading proceed? Clearly, you try to comprehend, in the sense of identifying meanings for individual words and working out relationships between them, drawing on your implicit knowledge of English grammar. (41)________________. You begin to infer a context for the text, for instance, by making decisions about what kind of speech event is evolved. Who is making the utterance, to whom, when and where?

  The ways of reading indicated here are without doubt kinds of comprehension but they show comprehension to consist not just of passive assimilation but of active engagement in inference and problem-solving. You infer information you feel the writer has invited you to grasp by presenting you with specific evidence and clues. (42) ________________

  Conceived in this way, comprehension will not follow exactly the same track for each reader. What is in question is not the retrieval of an absolute, fixed or “true” meaning that can be read off and checked for accuracy, or some timeless relationship of the text to the world. (43) _____________

  Such background material inevitably reflects who we are. (44) _____________. This does not, however, make interpretation merely relative or even pointless. Precisely because readers from different historical periods, places and social experiences produce different but overlapping readings of the same words on the page---including for texts that engage with fundamental human concerns--- debates about texts can play an important role in social discussion of belief and values。

  How we read a given text also depends to some extent on our particular interest in reading it. (45) _____________. Such dimensions of reading suggest---as others introduced later in the book will also do--that we bring an implicit (often unacknowledged) agenda to any act of reading. It does not then necessarily follow that one kind of reading is fuller, more advanced or more worthwhile than another. Ideally, different minds of reading inform each other, and act as useful reference points for and counterbalances to one another. Together, they make up the reading component of your overall literacy, or relationship to your surrounding textual environment。

  [A] Are we studying that text and trying to respond in a way that fulfills the requirement of a given course? Reading it simply for pleasure? Skimming it for information? Ways of reading on a train or in bed are likely to differ considerably from reading in a seminar room。

  [B] Factors such as the place and period in which we are reading, our gender ethnicity, age and social class will encourage us towards certain interpretations but at the same time obscure or even close off others。

  [C] If you are unfamiliar with words or idioms, you guess at their meaning, using clues presented in the context. On the assumption that they will become relevant later, you make a mental note of discourse entities as well as possible links between them。

  [D]In effect, you try to reconstruct the likely meanings or effects that any given sentence, image or reference might have had: These might be the ones the author intended。

  [E] You make further inferences, for instance, about how the text may be significant to you, or about its validity—inferences that form the basis of a personal response for which the author will inevitably be far less responsible。

  [F] In plays, novels and narrative poems, characters speak as constructs created by the author, not necessarily as mouthpieces for the author’s own thoughts。

  [G]Rather, we ascribe meanings to texts on the basis of interaction between what we might call textual and contextual material: between kinds of organizations or patterning we perceive in a text’s formal structures (so especially its language structures) and various kinds of background, social knowledge, belief and attitude that we bring to the text。

  41 【C】

  解析:四一段中空,所以要看上句。空前与空后句中的主语是you,由此准确采纳在C、D中留存,此其1也;D中出现了reconstruct(重组)逻辑上是再度产生,与位于句首的逻辑爆发了描述上的争辩。故排除D选用C。其它,C中的words or idioms和meanings 在四一空前伏羲臣现,因为前句中有identifying meanings for individual words and working out relationships between them。

  42 【E】

  分析:42段尾空,所以看上一句话。空前一句中的主语是you,由此准确采纳在C、D、E中留存,此其一也;其二,该句中主句谓语动词是infer, 与E中的宾语inferences构成逻辑对应关系。故排除C和D选用E。其它,42空前未有两句提到了翻阅时我们会active engagement in inference and problem-solving, 并针对笔者文中的specific evidence and clues 进行新闻的估计。E选项中further 壹词注解持续此话题,用for instance 具体举个例子表达大家对小说音讯作如何的估计。

  43【G】

  剖析:4三段尾空,应器重看本段上一句。同时下段起始现身了代词such background,而G中最后一句中的background与之多变逻辑对应关系。故选用G。其它,G中Rather代表转会,与四三空前句开头的not 构成“not… rather…”的“不是……而是……”结构

  44【B】

  剖判:4四段中空,看上下句。此段空前句中有相当重要词background,空后句中有至关心重视要词interpretation; background逻辑上对应G中最终一句中的background,而interpretation 逻辑对应B中最终一句中的interpretations. 故采取B。别的,B中Factors such as the place and period in which we are reading, our gender, ethnicity, age and social class 是4四前所未有who we are的有血有肉解说。

  45【A】

  深入分析:四伍段中空,看上下句。最终一段首句主语是we, 全部选项中唯有A和G的主语是we;可是G中首词是转折词Rather,与首句逻辑争执,故排除G选用A。别的,A中具体讲述了过多两样的读书目标和方式,此为对四五破天荒句How we read a given text 和our particular interest in reading it 的现实阐释。A中的消息是4五空后句such dimensions of reading 的替代对象。

  Part C Translation

  Directions:

  Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points)

  Within the span of a hundred years, in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a tide of emigration -one of the great folk wanderings of history-swept from Europe to America. 46) This movement, driven by powerful motivations, built a nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped the character and destiny of an uncharted continent。

  47) The United States is the product of two principal forces-the immigration of European peoples with their varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of a new country which modified these traits. Of necessity, colonial America was a projection of Europe. Across the Atlantic came successive groups of Englishmen, Frenchmen, Germans, Scots, Irishmen, Dutchmen, Swedes, and many others who attempted to transplant their habits and traditions to the new world. 48) But the force of geographic conditions peculiar to America, the interplay of the varied national groups upon one another, and the sheer difficulty of maintaining old-world ways in a raw, new continent caused significant changes. These changes were gradual and at first scarcely visible. But the result was a new social pattern which, although it resembled European society in many ways, had a character that was distinctly American。

  49)The first shiploads of immigrants bound for the territory which is now the United States crossed the Atlantic more than a hundred years after the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century explorations of North America. In the meantime, thriving Spanish colonies had been established in Mexico, the West Indies, and South America. These travelers to North America came in small, unmercifully overcrowded craft. During their six- to twelve-week voyage, they subsisted on meager rations. Many of the ships were lost in storms, many passengers died of disease, and infants rarely survived the journey. Sometimes tempests blew the vessels far off their course, and often calm brought interminable delay。

  To the anxious travelers the sight of the American shore brought almost inexpressible relief. Said one chronicler, "The air at twelve leagues' distance smelt as sweet as a new-blown garden." The colonists' first glimpse of the new land was a vista of dense woods. 50) The virgin forest with its richness and variety of trees was a real treasure-house which extended from Maine all the way down to Georgia. Here was abundant fuel and lumber. Here was the raw material of houses and furniture, ships and potash, dyes and naval stores。

  46) This movement, driven by powerful motivations, built a nation out of a wilderness and, by its nature, shaped the character and destiny of an uncharted continent。

  【参照他事他说加以调查译文】在二种强硬的意念驱动下,本次移民[9159com金沙网站,微博]在一片荒地上建起了1个国度,其本人构建了一个茫然大陆的秉性和造化。

  47) The United States is the product of two principal forces——the immigration of European peoples with their varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of a new country which modified these traits。

  【仿照效法译文】美利坚同盟军发出于五个珍视力量:思想民俗、民族特色各异的亚洲移民,以及修改这么些特点的新国家所发出的影响。

  48 But the force of geographic conditions peculiar to America, the interplay of the varied national groups upon one another, and the sheer difficulty of maintaining old-world ways in a raw, new continent caused significant changes。

  【参谋译文】不过,美利哥具备特其他地理条件,不一致民族之间时有发生了相互的功力,因而,在一片原始新陆地上,维护旧大6格局发出了纯粹的不便,那一切迷惑了第1的生成。

  49 The first shiploads of immigrants bound for the territory which is now the United States crossed the Atlantic more than a hundred years after the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century explorations of North America。

  【参谋译文】在一5-1六世纪北美探究的一百多年今后,运往方今的米利坚那片江苏域的第2船移民横渡了北冰洋。

  50 The virgin forest with its richness and variety of trees was a real treasure-house which extended from Maine all the way down to Georgia。

  【参考译文】具备足够二种树种的原始森林是3个的确的宝库,它从内华达州一向延伸到吉优rge亚州。

  Section III Writing

  Part A

  Directions:

  You are going to hold a club reading session. Write an email of about 100 words recommending a book to the club members。

  You should state reasons for your recommendation。

  You should write neatly on the ANWSER SHEET. Do not sign you own name at the end of the letter, use “Li Ming ” instead. Do not write the address 。(10 points)

  Dear friends,

  I am writing to tell you about a fantastic book I have just read, as we always share the same taste of books。

  The book is called Journey to the West, which tells us a story that four monks conquered multiple handicaps to achieve their final destination. Besides the touching and thrilling plot, the book also features humorous languages, thanks to the talented author。

  So I recommend it to all of you as one of the favorite books that I have ever read. I am sure you will love it as much as I do. I am looking forward to discussing more with you after you read it。

  Yours sincerely,

  • Li Ming

  Part B

  Part B

  52. Directions:

  Write an essay of 160—200 words based on the following picture.in your essay, you should

  1. describe the pictures briefly,

  2. interpret its intended meaning, and

  3. give your comments。

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET . (20 points)

  A group of friends, boys or girls, are having a dinner party while each one of them is checking messages in their mobile phones without saying a word to one another, leaving the dishes untouched. We are informed that this is a gathering in the era of mobile phone。

  The above picture unveils a common social phenomenon and the symbolic meaning of the photo is the effect of the mobile phone on people’s way of life. Undoubtedly, the phone provides us with considerable convenience, making many things possible which are beyond our dreams. As a communication tool, the phone makes us closer than ever before by providing immediate communication. Meanwhile, there are negative effects on our personal life. As is shown in the picture, people are imprisoned in their own world! They choose contacting online rather than communicating face to face。

  Accordingly, enjoying the convenience provided by the phones, we should bear in mind that human beings are social beings who need real interpersonal interactions! Joint efforts are needed to ensure people to have face-to-face communication! I believe a harmonious relationship between friends is awaiting us if we set aside our mobile phones and enjoy the untouched meal!

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